February 7, 2022: CSL: $30,000 SPP at $273 or a 2% discount to VWAP following a $6.3 billion placement to fund the $16 billion Vifor acquisition. SPP capped at $750 million with the minimum application being $2500. The 2021 annual report says it has 234,460 shareholders so theoretical maximum application is just over $7 billion. Stock at $294.50 on Jan 4 so margin 7.9%.
January 28, 2022: MA Financial (MAF): $30,000 SPP at $7.75 or a 2% discount to the 5 day VWAP. Capped at $10 million following a $100 million placement. Stock at $8.99 on Jan 5 so margin 16%. 2021 annual report disclosed 2716 holders to maximum applications $81.5 million.
January 20, 2022: Corporate Travel Management (CTD): $15,000 SPP at $21 or the 5 day VWAP with no discount. Capped at $25 million and stock was at $22.94 on January 4. This followed a $75 million placement to fund Helloworld Corporate acquisition. Not on register.
December 23, 2021: Focus Minerals (FML): the aspiring WA gold miner hoped to raise as much as $45.7 million but only $25.5 million came through the door for its 1-for-1 non-renounceable offer with unlimited overs at 25c. Controlling shareholder Shandong Minerals took up $22.63m of the offer, lifting its stake from 49.5% to 63.58%. Good disclosure of 384 participants in this outcome announcement.
December 17: BCI Minerals (BCI): $240 million placement at 43c with Kerry Stokes taking $103 million and Australian Super $72.5 million. Followed by a $30,000 SPP capped at $20 million with precise disclosure that 7,282 shareholders were be eligible to participate. The outcome announcement disclosed that $20.64 million came through the door, there was no scale back but no detail either on how many shareholders applied.
December 15, 2021: GUD Holdings: $405m raising comprising a $120m fixed price placement at $10.40 and a 1-for-3.46 non-renounceable at $10.40 with overs limited to just 15% of entitlement. The insto component raised $170m with an 87% take-up and the $115m retail offer should be well supported with the stock at $11.16 on December 13.
December 15: Pinnacle Investment Management: Raised $105m through a placement at $16.70 to purchase a private equity firm and followed up with an uncapped SPP at the same price or the 5 day VWAP with no discount. Ended up raising $6.78 million at $16.14, which was a 3.35% discount to the placement price.
November 26: Macquarie Group: Announced a $1.5 billion placement at the floor price of $190 coinciding with a record first half net profit of $2.04 billion. Placement ended up being priced at $194 with some good extra disclosure in the outcome announcement. Was followed by an uncapped $30,000 SPP at the lower of the placement price adjusted for the $2.72 interim dividend (record date November 9) or a 2% discount to the VWAP over the last 5 days of the SPP offer period. The pricing was $191.28 and $1.3 billion came through the door from more than 49,000 applicants but they failed to say how many shareholders were entitled to participate.
November 17: Ingenia: announced a 1-for-4.24 non-renounceable entitlement offer at $6.12 to raise $485 million to fund a series of residential acquisitions. The offer was priced at a 6% discount to the previous close of $6.51 but thousands of retail shareholders will be diluted without compensation. The insto component raised $370 million with a 92% participation rate and the stock then rose marginally to $6.53 by Friday's close. The $115 million retail component will be shared across around 5,000 eligible shareholders with applicants entitled to apply for overs equivalent to just 15% of their entitlement. There will be challenges with Australia Post given they have gone for the minimum 9 days with the offer opening on November 8 and closing on November 17. Suspect the under-writers will pick up at least $30 million of discounted stock from retail investors who won't be compensated for their dilution.
Impedimed (IPD): $35 million placement followed by a $30,000 SPP capped at $5 million.
Plato Income Maximiser (PL8): $71m placement at $1.11 followed by an SPP.
Acorn (ACQ): 1-for-4 entitlement offer to
Topshelf (TSI): $13m retail component with 50% overs.
November 19: Blackstone Minerals: $55 million placement at 58c followed by an overly restrictive $30,000 SPP capped at $5 million for retail shareholders.
November 8: Aristocrat Leisure: (ALL): Unveiled a 1-for-20.56 PAITREO at $41.85 to raise $1.3 billion and help fund the $5 billion acquisition of UK gaming technology company Playtech. The offer was priced at an 8.6% discount to the previous close of $45.79 and an 8.2% discount to the TERP of $45.61. The institutional component raised $895 million and was 92% subscribed with the small shortfall clearing an an impressive $47.10, an impressive $1.49 premium to the TERP which generated $5.25 in compensation for each renounced share. The $405 million retail offer closes on November 8 with retail rights trading running from October 21 to November.
October 22, 2021: Silex Systems: Announced a $33m placement at $1.27 million which was followed by a $7m SPP which was in the money ahead of the close. It attracted $18 million from over 1000 applicants and the scale back to $7 million involved a flat $2000 allocation to a majority of applicants and a pro rata allocation above that. No disclosure as to what size of shareholding received more than $2000 worth of stock or what size received the full $30,000.
October 8, 2021: Transurban (TCL): $3.97 billion 1-for-9 PAITREO at $13 to fund $11.1 billion West-Connex acquisition, plus a sweetheart $250m placement to Australian Super at $13.07 when the previous close was $14.18 and the TERP $14.06. The institutional component of the PAITREO raised $2.9 billion with a 93% take-up rate and a 90c payment to non-participants. The $1068 million retail component comprised 27% of the PAITREO and raised $697m from 59,000 participants equating to 65% of the shares on offer with excellent transparency on the rights trading which was worth $8m, ranged between 53c and $1.18 and delivered an average VWAP of 87c. For those who waited until the end, the compensation payment was only 30c after the $380 million shortfall auction of 28.6 million securities cleared at $13.30 against a previous close of $13.56, which just happened to be a two month low. The circa 74,000 non-participating retail shareholders shared in $8.58 million. A good deal for instos, particularly Australian Super, given that instos ended up contributing $3.522 billion or 83.5% of the $4.22 billion raised when they started out with 73% of the company before the transaction. A win for non-participating instos as well which received 90c compo vs 30c for retail, ending a run of 3 wins for retail.
October 18: Dug Technology (DUG): $15m two stage placement at 90c followed by a $30,000 SPP capped at $5m for retail. With around 1600 shareholders, the theoretical maximum is $48 million if they all apply. There is no VWAP alternative. The SPP offer document listed a range of factors that would drive any scale back policy such as size of holding, timing of application and any trades after the record date. In the end, only $1.7m in SPP applications came through the door.
October 13: Hotel Property Investments (HPI): raised $50 million in a placement at $3.40 followed by a $30,000 SPP which was capped at $10 million and raised $9.5m with no disclosure on participation numbers.
October 13: Sandfire Resources (SFR): announced $2.572 billion acquisition of MATSA, a Spanish copper mine, which is to partially funded by a $1.248 billion raising comprising a $285m placement at $5.40 and an accelerated 1-for-1 non-renounceable at $5.40 to raise $963 million. No overs and Australian Super under-wrote $150 million of the $322 million retail offer after taking $120m of the placement. The pricing was a 13.2% discount to the previous close of $6.22 and the TERP was $5.76 although the stock hit a low of $5.08 on October 7. No disclosure of the take-up rate in the $614 million accelerated institutional offer. The company has about 11,000 retail shareholders with Vanguard, FMR and Dimensional all sitting on around 5% before the acquisition was announced. Macquarie and Citi under-wrote the deal. The $285m placement represented 29.6% of existing capital and therefore required an ASX waiver which was granted because the 1-for-1 was fully under-written. The $321m retail offer fell heavily short with only $32.24 million coming through the door although the outcome announcement was threadbare on detail, not even pointing out the Aussie Super under-writing deal.
April 16, 2021: Australian Strategic Materials (ASM): raised $65 million in a placement at $4.80 a share and also announced a 1-for-14 non-renounceable entitlement offer to raise up to $41 million at the same price. There were no overs and only $29.6 million came through the door so the overall raising was $92 million. The stock subsequently soared to more than $10 million so any of the 10,000 shareholders who missed out on the placement or didn't take up the entitlement offer was badly diluted without compensation. Retail are definitely owed an SPP here.
September 8: Big Tin Can (BTH): originally announced a $135.3 million equity raising to fund a US acquisition, comprising a $21m placement to a US investor and a 1-for-4 non-renounceable to raise $114.3 million. Both issues were priced at $1.05, a 12% discount to the previous deal. The accelerated component of the entitlement offer attracted $58.4 million with no participation disclosure and a $1.2m additional placement was bolted on as part of this process, lifting the overall raising to $136.5 million. The $56 million retail component attracted $35 million in applications from 7,462 shareholders and the $21 million shortfall went to the under-writers. There was good transparency in the outcome announcement but retail should have been able to apply for overs.
September 23: BWX (BWX): Announced the $89 million purchase of a 50.1% stake in Go To Skincare which was funded by an $85 million placement at $4.85, an 8.7% discount to the previous close of $5.31. This was followed by a $30,000 SPP capped at just $15 million with no VWAP pricing alternative. BWX has 8800 shareholders so the theoretical maximum in SPP applications is $264 million. Only $9.97 million came through the door so no scale back.
August 20, Pointsbet (PBH): $400 million capital raising which includes some curious founder share selling and shuffling. Started with a $215 million placement at the fixed price of $10, an 11.4% discount to the previous close of $11.29. However, 3 of the founders agreed to sell a combined 2.9 million shares at the placement price of $10, with chairman Brett Patron writing out a cheque for $14.5 million to buy half of them and the other $14.5 million going to a single undisclosed institution. All this was separate to the $215 million placement. Then there was a $185 million 1-for-9 PAITREO at the chunky discount of $8. However, the placement was completed on July 30 whereas the $81 million accelerated institutional component of the PAITREO completed on Tuesday, August 3, when these are normally done simultaneously with a placement. Institutional participation was only 78% and the shortfall cleared at the institutional price of $10, raising $22.27 million in the bookbuild with 25% of that or some $2 a share being returned to non-participating shareholders. The $104 million retail component came with a 78 page offer document and closed on August 20, but it is not clear how much of that comprises founder/director entitlements. Chairman Brett Paton has agreed to take up $6 million worth of entitlement shares, in addition to the $14.5 million worth of stock he's buying from the founders, so his total spend is a chunky $20.5 million. Paton went into the offer owning 13.034 million shares or some 6.27% of the company and was entitled to buy 1.45 million shares for $11.6 million but only spent $6 million through the institutional offer so he would have received $1.4 million in compensation for the 700,000 entitlements that he sold into the shortfall offer. He now owns 15.28 million shares or some 6.05% of the 252.5 million shares on issue. The outcome announcement confirmed that retail investors took up $64.2 million worth of shares or 61.7% of what was on offer. The retail shortfall cleared at $10.30 so non participants received $2.30, a 30c premium to the institutional shortfall.
August 20: Evolution Mining (EVN): completed a $400 million institutional placement at $3.85, a 5.4% discount to the previous close of $4.07 to fund a $400 million gold acquisition near Kalgoorlie. Followed up with a tokenistic $30,000 SPP capped at $50 million. There is an alternative to the $3.85 placement price based on 2.5% discount to the VWAP over the last 5 days of the offer. The company has about 17,000 shareholders and 8,647 ended up applying for $132 million worth of stock, an average application of $15,265. The board expanded the cap to $68 million but still ended up refunding $55 million with the formula being that all applicants received the first $2500 and then anyone who applied for more than that received 50%. For instance, I applied for $10,000 worth of stock and was allocated $5000.
August 20, 2021: Family Zone (FZO): $146.4 million raising to fund a UK acquisition, comprising a $71m placement at 55c and a 5-for-16 non-renounceable at 55c to raise $75.3 million. The pre-raising split between retail and institutions was approximately 50-50. The retail offer ended up raising $24.5 million which was a healthy 76% of the shares on offer and the shortfall was picked up by under-writers so the overall raising ended up being $122 million from institutions and just 16.7% or $24.5 million from retail investors.
August 19, 2021: Aroa Biosurgery (ARX): raised $47m through a placement at $1.165, a 1.7% discount to the previous close, and then offered a miserable $5m SPP to retail on the same terms with no VWAP discount and limited to just 15k per applicant. Wrote to the company requesting participation transparency. None was forthcoming as the SPP only raised $400,000 because it was out of the money without the reassurance of a secondary VWAP pricing offer.
August 18: Imugene (IMU): $90m placement at 30c followed with a 1 for 2 free option at 45c. Followed by a $15,000 SPP capped at $5m with no VWAP alternative. The SPP was heavily scaled back with no detail of total applications, except that all applicants received a minimum $1000 allocation and after that it was based on size of holding. Stock was at 40c on September 10 and with 7700 holdings, the theoretical maximum for the SPP was $115 million so a heavy scale back was always inevitable.
August 13: Arafura Resources (ARU): $30,000 SPP at 12c after $40m placement. SPP offer to around 11,000 shareholders was capped at $5.5 million and $16.8 million came through the door from 1412 applicants even though it was closed 10 days early. The scale back formula saw holders of less than 500 shares zeroed, anyone who held between 501 and 2500 shares received a $1000 allocation and everyone else received 41.6% of their application. So if you started with an unmarketable parcel of 2600 shares worth $312 at the 12c offer price and applied for the full $30,000, you were allocated $12,480 worth of shares. This doesn't seem fair. It would have made more sense to allocate pro-rata based on the size of your holdings. Stock was at 14.5c a week after the SPP closed so participants did well.
August 13: Whitefield (WHF): the LIC raised $50 million from sophisticated investors in a placement priced at $5.56, which was followed up by a $30,000 SPP for retail capped at $55.6 million, in a rare example where the SPP is planned to be larger than the placement. The SPP also offered a 2.5% discount to VWAP and was priced at $5.52. Ended up raising $26 million with excellent transparency in the outcome announcement which disclosed that 1,660 of the 6,417 eligible shareholders applied for the offer, participation rate of 26% with the average application being $15,674.
August 6: Seafarms Group (SFG): unveiled a heavily discounted $92.5 million institutional placement on June 23 with a $15 million SPP at the same price of 5.5c to follow, which finished under-subscribed given the share price traded at around 5c during most of the offer period. The SPP raised $8.7 million with poor participation disclosure in the outcome announcement and the balance of the targeted $15 million was placed with "sophisticated" investors.
August 6: WAM Leaders (WLE): 1-for-5 non-renounceable at $1.44 to raise up to $241 million with unlimited overs. Unusually, went into a trading halt on August 10, 4 days after the offer closed, to conduct a placement of the $47.4 million shortfall, but demand was so strong it ended up bolting on an additional 25 million share placement to lift the shortfall/placement component to $83.6 million from more than 650 applicants and the overall raising to $277.2 million. Embraced excellent transparency in the outcome announcement so we know 10,321 of the approximately 20,000 eligible shareholders took up $145.8 million worth of the entitlements or some 60.5% in dollar terms and a narrow majority in shareholder terms. The Top-Up facility was fully allocated with 3,416 shareholders applying for $47.8 million worth of shares, equating to 24.6% of total applications and 33% by shareholder number suggesting it was the smaller shareholders who disproportionately applied for overs. The average entitlement application was $14,126, the average overs application $13993 and the average placement allocation $128,515. All up, 192.5 million new shares were issued, expanding the capital base by 24.7% to 972 million.
August 4, 2021: Rex Minerals (RXM): announced a $50 million placement at 30c, a 16.6% discount to the previous close, but then failed to follow through with an SPP on the same terms for retail shareholders. Macquarie and Euro Hartley were the overpaid advisers complicit with diluting retail investors.
July 13: Catapult Group (CAT): announced a $US40 million capital raising to fund a UK sports analytics and video acquisition, comprising a $US35 million under-written placement at $1.90 and a $30,000 SPP at the same price to raise up to $US5 million. There were approximately 10,000 eligible shareholders but only about 1200 shareholders participated. The SPP cap was lifted to $US8.5 million and there was a novel scale back policy where anyone who sold out before the SPP close date received a zero application and everyone else received more than 90%. The stock dipped to $1.72 on July 30 so those who were zeroed were lucky in hindsight.
June 22: Dacian Gold (DCN): $30,000 SPP at 28c after earlier $40 million placement at 28c. SPP capped at $5 million, but only $3.7 million came through the door as it was barely in the money.
June 21, Mystate (MYS): raised $20 million through a placement at $4.30, then offered a non-renounceable 1-for-6.6 at $4.30 to raise up to $60 million, although it was only under-written to the tune of $30 million and there were no overs so it will fall short. Stock was above $5 leading into the June 21 close so non-participating retail left almost 20% on the table. The accelerated institutional take up was $11.3 million and the retail take-up was $24.2 million, leaving a shortfall of $25.5 million which wasn't under-written. Poor participation disclosure in the outcome announcement, despite requests to be more transparent.
June 7: Pendal Group: (PDL) uncapped $30,000 SPP at $6.80 or the VWAP after $190 million placement at $6.80 to fund a US acquisition. Ended up accepting $190 million of the $213 million which came through the door for the SPP.
June 2, 2021: Carsales (CAR): $600 million 1-for-7 PAITREO at $17 a share to fund a US acquisition. The institutional component raised $428 million with the shortfall clearing at $18 a share, generating a $1 compensation payment although there was no precise disclosure on the size of the shortfall with the company quoting a figure of 83% participation excluding two individuals and 99% when measuring just Australian institutions. The $172 million retail offer had rights trading from May 17 until May 26. The offer was open for 14 days from May 19 until June 2. Outcome announcement disclosed that 8,300 of the 18,500 eligible shareholders participated to the tune of 67% or $115 million. The retail shortfall cleared at $18.60, a 30c discount to the previous close of $18.90 so a win for retail which received $1.60 in compensation compared with $1 for the instos.
May 10, 2021: Empire Energy (EEG): $30 million placement at 30c to fund an acquisition in the Northern Territory followed by a $3 million SPP which was doubled to $6 million after more than 400 shareholder applied but there was no disclosure of total applications or the scale back formula.
May 17: Seven Group Holdings (SVW): $500 million placement at $22.50 with Macquarie and Jarden pocketing the 1.75% under-writing and management fee, which amounted to $8.75 million. Unfairly restricted $50 million SPP to follow at $22.50 or a 2.5% discount to VWAP. SPP ended up raising $33.14 million and being priced at $19.73, so retail received a 12.3% discount.
May 11, 2021: Vimy Resources: $18.5 million placement at 11c followed by an SPP which was initially capped at $2.5 million but eventually raised $9 million after strong demand of more than $17 million and a lift in the cap.
May 8: Homeco Daily Needs REIT: (HDN): $265 million 1-for-2.95 non-renounceable entitlement offer at $1.295 with a 1-for-20 bonus share thrown in. The $93 million insto component was 96.7% subscribed and the $175 million retail offer was 64% supported with the $63 million shortfall allocated to institutional under-writers with no compensation to non-participating retail.
May 7: Strike Energy, (STX): Launched an $80 million capital raising at a 20% discount of 30c to advance its WA gas project, comprising a $75 million placement and a $5 million SPP, which didn't have a VWAP alternative. Closed it early on May 3 after $30 million came through the door in 7 days from 1500 applicants and then they doubled it to $10 million with a scale back model based on size of application so those who applied for $30,000 got a $10,000 allocation.
May 5: Regis Resources (RRL): launched a $650 million raising to fund the $903 purchase of a 30% stake in the Tropicano gold mine. The full raising had a fixed price of $2.70 which was a hefty 14.8% discount to the previous close of $3.17. It comprised a $200 million placement at $2.70, followed by a 1-for-3.08 non-renounceable with overs capped at 50% of entitlement, meaning a retail shortfall is quite likely. The retail offer runs for 15 days from April 20 until May 5. The $294 million institutional component was supported by 86% of eligible shareholders.
April 20: Western Areas (WSA): $30,000 SPP at $2.05 after $85m placement at the same price. No VWAP alternative. Closing date was extended by 2 weeks with Australia Post's poor performance mentioned as one of the reasons.
April 19: Computershare, (CPU): $835 million 1-for-8.8 PAITREO raising to fund a US acquisition. Was priced at $13.55, a 9.6% discount to the previous close of $14.99. Retail investors had 19 days to consider the offer and retail rights trading ran from March 29 until 12 April. The institutional component raised $500 million with a 94% take up rate and the 6% shortfall worth $30 million cleared at $15.05, generating a $1.50 premium payment to non-participants. The $150 million retail shortfall cleared at $14.55, generating a $1 per share premium payment for the 21,000 shareholders who did not participate.
April 15: ZIP (Z1P): the emerging buy now pay later outfit launched a $120m placement at $9.18, a 4.5% discount to the previous close, in conjunction with a $400m zero coupon convertible note, which was similar to what Afterpay did. The two founders sold 2 million shares into the placement. No sign of any SPP for retail.
March 29: Boss (BOE): $60 million placement at 14c with no accompanying SPP.
March 18: Deep Yellow (DYL): the aspiring uranium miner raised $40.8 million through an institutional placement at 65c and followed up with $2 million SPP at the same price with no VWAP alternative. Stock closed at 72c on last day. SPP was heavily over-subscribed as $7.42 million came through the door. No increase in the cap and scale back was based on size of application with everyone getting 27% of what they asked for with no minimum allocation.
March 17: WAM Active (WAA): stand lone SPP at $1.08 which, including an associated placement, brought in $25.2 million from 840 participants. See SPP outcome announcement.
March 10: Bank of Queensland: $1.35 billion raising to fund $1.325 billion acquisition of Members Equity, comprising a $350m placement at $7.35 and a 1-for-3.34 non-renounceable at the same price. The institutional component raised $323 million with a 98% take up and the $682 million retail offer included an overs facility capped at 35% of entitlement. The stock was above $9 leading into the close so should have been fully subscribed but timetable was so tight that many investors didn't receive the offer document in time to ended up only receiving $408 million in applications, including $72 million in overs. No reminder email was sent to the roughly 57,000 shareholders who had provided BoQ with their email address.
February 22: Djerriwarrh (DJW): standalone $30,000 SPP at $2.98 or a 5% discount to VWAP but applicants only get 50% of the final dividend payable in early 2021-22. Was priced at $2.85 under the VWAP and received $31.1 million from 1959 applicants which were accepted in full given cap was $40 million. Stock is trading as DJWN.
February 15: Mirrabooka (MIR): standalone $30,000 SPP at $3.13 or a 5% discount to VWAP but applicants only get 50% of the final dividend payable in early 2021-22. Received applications worth $38.9 million from 2015 applicants with no scale given cap was $40 million. Stock is trading as MIRNA.
January 22, Salt Lake Potash (SO4): completed a $52m placement at 40c, a 21% discount to the previous close, and followed up with a $30,000 SPP capped at $5 million with no VWAP alternative to the 40c fixed price. Ended up receiving $10 million worth of applications so the $5 million cap was lifted to $8 million and the scale back was based on 83% of your application.
January 20, Uniti Group (UWL): purchased some assets off Telstra funded by a $50 million placement at $1.50 (2c premium to the previous close of $1.48), followed by a $10 million SPP which included secondary pricing based on a 2% discount to VWAP. The placement was "several times" over-subscribed by 40 bidding institutions and existing holders were guaranteed pro-rata which is a good allocation policy. The SPP finished more than 7 times over-subscribed so the cap was lifted to $20 million with the scale back based on size of application with everyone receiving 28.3% of what they applied for.
January 20, Syrah Resources (SYR): A $56 million placement at 90c followed by $30,000 SPP capped at $12 million. The company has about 10,000 shareholders to the theoretical maximum sum for SPP applications is $300 million. It closed 33% in the money with the stock at $1.20 so not surprising that $63.7 million came through the door. They increased the cap to $18 million and initially announced a scale back based on size of application with no detail. After some prodding, we got more detail two days later, including that 34% of the register applied and applicants received 28.26% of what they applied for so the smart money applied for the full $30,000 and were scaled back to 9420 shares costing $8478 with a refund or $21,522. That was my experience.
January 15, APN Convenience Retail (AQR): completed a $30 million placement at $3.55 to be followed by a $5 million SPP at $3.49525. The bizarre pricing reflects that fact that SPP participants won't be eligible for the upcoming 5.475c distribution. Why can't companies just round their dividends up or down to the nearest cent?
January 15, IGO Ltd (IGO): announced a $1.9 billion lithium acquisition which is being partially funded by a $766 million capital raising comprising a $446 million institutional placement at $4.60 (a 9.7% discount to the previous close of $5.09) and a 1-for-8.5 non-renounceable offer to raise $320 million. The $262 million institutional component was 98% subscribed (excluding 13% shareholder Mark Creasy who only took up $20 million of his entitlement) and the $58 million retail component closes on January 15 and applicants are permitted to apply for additional shares equivalent to 50% of their entitlement. The stock was well in the money leading into the close, so the retail offer was 93% subscribed, although the announcement provided no breakdown on the overs component. The company privately advised that the $57 million comprised $38 million in entitlements and $15 million in overs. IGO made the offer to 9,977 eligible shareholders and a healthy 5,085 or 51% took it up.
January 13, Zip Co (ZIP): announced a $150 million capital raising comprising a $120 million placement priced at $5.34, a 4.1% discount to the previous close of $5.57, and a $30 million SPP which included a secondary pricing mechanism based on a 2% discount to VWAP. Under-written by Merrill Lynch with Shaw assisting. The placement outcome announcement talked about over-subscriptions but there was no reference to whether existing shareholders were given priority. The SPP received $56.7 million in applications which were accepted in full.
January 11, Money 3 (MNY): raised $45 million through an institutional placement at $2.70, an 8.8% discount to the previous close, followed by a $5 million SPP where the offer document mentioned a potential increase to $7 million and also an intention to scale back based on size of holding but to also allocate at least 400 new shares to all applicants. This sort of transparency is an innovation others should follow.
December 23: Abacus Property (ABP): a 1-for 4.8 accelerated non-renounceable at $2.90 with unlimited overs to raise $402 million. The $356 million insto component was 97% subscribed by eligible holders and the $46 million retail component finished 55% short with total subscriptions of $20.8 million, including $4.3 million through the unlimited overs facility. CEO Steven Sewell claimed to be "extremely pleased" with the retail take-up which was solid considering the shares were under-water and finished the year at $2.87. Reasonable transparency on the participation data with disclosure that 1,896 shareholders participated. 7/10.
December 18: IAG: launched a $650 million placement at $5.05, a 7.5% discount to the previous close, to meet the coming flood of COVID-19 business interruption claims and guaranteed pro-rata for existing holders. The follow-on $100 million SPP included a strange promise to use both size of holding and size of application in any scale back. SPP included secondary pricing of a 2% discount to VWAP over the last 5 days of the offer which kicked into play when the stock tumbled below $5 and the offer ended up being priced at $4.97. Board accepted all $125.9 million in applications with good transparency on the participation data which came in at just 1.8%. Stock finished the year at $4.70 so a rare loser for investors. The SPP document was dated November 30 and closed December 18 so investors had 19 days to participate. 5/10
December 17, Ovato (OVT): The old Pacific Magazines and Printing almost went broke but have been saved by the controlling Hannan family under-writing a $40 million capital raising structured as a non-renounceable 10.93-for-1 at 0.5c each with an unlimited ability to apply for additional shares. The stock was suspended throughout the retail offer period so difficult to assess the attractiveness of the highly dilutive raising. It ended up finishing heavily under-subscribed (7 billion shares at 0.5c or some $35 million short) with all applicants for additional shares fully satisfied. The stock resumed trading after Christmas and ranged between 0.5c and 0.7c, finishing the year at 0.7c providing a 40% return for those who backed the recapitalisation, led by the Hannans and Mercury Media, owner of the old Bauer Media. 5/10
December 15, GUD (GUD): announced a $70 million acquisition to be funded precisely by a $70 million capital raising, comprising a $55 million placement and a $15 million SPP. The placement was sensibly under-written at a floor price of $10.75 but then the bookbuild cleared at $11.25. The $30,000 SPP is also priced at $11.25 or a 2.5% discount to VWAP, and they accepted all $20.7 million in applications with the final pricing being $11, a 25c discount to the placement price. Excellent participation transparency in the SPP outcome announcement without any prodding from us, which is a good sign. Stock traded at around $11.80 when the SPP shares were issued so a good outcome for participants. Stock finished the year at $11.74. 6/10
December 14, Bega Cheese (BGA): agreed to buy Lion's Dairy and Drinks business for $534 million and launched a $401 million capital raising priced at $4.60 comprising a $181 million institutional placement, the maximum 15% allowable under the rules, and a $220 million 1-for-4.5 non-renounceable. The $103 million institutional component of the pro-rata offer was supported by 96% of eligible shareholders with the $117 million retail component being larger as Bega moved from a majority retail to majority institutional register. A shame it wasn't renounceable but at least retail could apply for additional shares equivalent to 50% of entitlement although this shouldn't have been capped. The raising was priced at a 9.1% discount to the previous close of $5.06 and the stock soared when trading resumed on November 27, suggesting investors liked the acquisition. Unfortunately, the $115 million retail offer fell $57 million short with just $46 million in applications and $12 million in overs. With the stock closing at $5.32 on December 18, the under-writers were enjoying a $9 million paper profit on the $57 million retail shortfall, which only existed because the board unfairly restricted the ability for retail shareholders to apply for additional shares. Stock finished the year at $5.11 so a reasonable quick profit for participants and fund manager Fidelity emerged as having picked up $27 million of the retail shortfall. 3/10
December 10, Galaxy Resources (GXY): $161 million raising at $1.70 (a 15% discount to the previous close of $2) comprising an over-sized $111 placement and a 1-for-14 non-renounceable to raise $50 million with applications for additional shares limited to 33% of entitlement. The accelerated component raised $124 million and the subsequent $37 million retail offer was fully under-written and received $25.1 million in applications delivering a take-up rate of 66%. This split $20.4 million in applications and $4.7 million in overs, leaving a $12 million shortfall which wouldn't have existed if overs were unlimited. With the stock finishing at $2.23, retail shareholders have once again been shafted by a heavily discounted over-sized placement. 4/10
December 10, Hotel Property Investments (HPI): purchased 3 pubs for $63 million funded by a $40 million placement at $3.04 plus an $8 million SPP at the same price which did not have a VWAP pricing alternative. The pokies pub landlord joined the SPP scale back club after $27.3 million came through the door and there was no increase in the $8 million cap. At least all applicants were given a minimum allocation of $2500 but the scale back was based on size of holding. Stock finished the year at $3.25 so reasonable return for participants. 4/10
December 3, Aurelia Metals (AMI): announced a gold mine acquisition funded by a $130 million raising at 43c (a 15% discount to the last close) comprising a $41 million placement and a 1-for-4.2 non-renounceable entitlement offer with a $37 million retail component. The $52 million institutional component of the entitlement offer was supported by 92% of eligible participants and retail shareholders were able to apply for unlimited additional shares but this only attracted 10 million in applications worth $4.4 million (8 million in entitlement and 2 million in overs) so the retail offer finished 88% short. The placement was too big a component of the overall offer but at least it wasn't overly discounted. Stock finished the year at the offer price of 43c. 5/10.
November 25, Synlait Milk (SM1): the Kiwi-based company raised $NZ180 million in a placement at $NZ5.10, a 14% discount to the previous close of $NZ5.93, and then stuck with its $NZ20 million cap on the $NZ50,000 SPP which followed, including an attractive 2.5% discount on the VWAP price. A total of 3,938 shareholders applied for $NZ59 million in SPP stock and the scale back to $NZ20 million was based on size of holding with no minimum allocation. Stock finished the year at $4.91 so investors were under-water after a profit warning. 4/10.
November 20, New Century Resources (NCZ): $20.7m placement at 15.5c, against the previous close of 16.5c, followed by a $14.4 million 1-for-12 at 15.5c with unlimited overs which was 85% subscribed with the balance of $2.2 million going to under-writers. All $18 million in applications for overs were rejected. Stock finished the year at 24c so placement recipients are well in front. 4/10.
November 20, McPhersons (MCP): $10m SPP at $2.27 or a 2.5% discount to VWAP after an earlier $36.5 million placement at $2.27. SPP ended up being priced at $2.15 and all $9.4 million in applications were accepted. Sadly for participants, the stock finished at $1.91 on the first day of trading and then finished the year at $1.36 to be one of the worst performed capital raisings. 5/10
November 19: HUB24 (HUB): $30,000 SPP at $20 capped at $10 million after earlier $50 million institutional placement. Received $32 million in applications and doubled the cap to $20 million with a scale back based on size of holding but with a $1000 minimum allocation. Stock finished the year at $21.34. 6/10
November 17, Centuria Industrial REIT (CIP): announced a $125 million placement at $3.06 to fund some cold storage assets but failed to offer retail shareholders an SPP. Stock finished the year at $3.09. 3/10
November 6: Kina Bank (KSL): the PNG-based bank raised $91 million, comprising a $70 million 1-for-2 non-renounceable at 80c, a $10.5 million placement and a $10.5 million PNG SPP for retail holders. The institutional component of the pro-rata offer raised $35 million with the retail offer finishing 65% short as applications of 14.5m shares were taken up with the balance of 28.7 million going to the under-writers. Stock finished the year at 90c, so marginally in the money. 5/10
November 6, 2020: Dubber (DUB): completed a $35 million placement at $1.10, a 12% discount to the previous close of $1.25, with a $6 million SPP to follow. No VWAP alternative pricing offer if the stock falls. Ended up attracting $33.5 million worth of applications so the board lifted the cap to $10 million and magnanimously withdrew their own applications. Scale back appeared to be based on size of application, although this wasn't clear in the conclusion announcement. Stock finished the year at $1.66 so investors well in front. 5/10
October 27, 2020: Starpharma (SPL): Completed a $45 million placement at $1.50, a 6.5% discount to the previous close of $1.605, and then proceeded with an online only $5 million SPP. It would be preferable if a paper version of the SPP offer document was mailed to all shareholders. The SPP was unfairly capped at $5 million and the directors reserved the right to close it early. In the end it only raised $4.1 million although the conclusion announcement wasn't very clear. Stock finished the year at $1.56. 4/10
October 22, 2020: Select Harvests (SHV): a $120 million raising to fund a $129 million almond acquisition in regional Victoria, comprising a $40 million placement at $5.20 and a 1-for-6.3 non-renounceable entitlement offer at $5.20. The pricing was a tight 4.8% discount to the previous close of $5.46 and the company claimed to have 99% participation in the $41.5 million institutional component of the pro-rata offer. The $38.3 million retail offer included an ability to apply for additional shares equivalent to 50% of entitlement but it ended up being only 57% subscribed including overs totalling $5.9 million. See outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $5.22. 5/10.
October 20, Kazia Therapeutics (KZA): 1-for-3 non-renounceable entitlement offer at 80c to raise $25 million. Priced at a 16.7% discount to the previous close of 96c. The institutional component raised $16.4 million and the retail component capped overs at 100% of entitlement but only brought in $2.8 million or 32% with the rest being picked up by the under-writers. See outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $1.16 so investors are well in front. 6/10
October 15, 2020: Corporate Travel (CTD): raised $375 million through a 1-for-4.03 non-renounceable entitlement offer at $13.85, a 14.3% discount to the previous close of $16.16. Funds were needed to pay for a $US200 million US acquisition. Founder and CEO Jamie Pherous declined to participate and wasn't compensated for the dilution. He owns 21.27m shares so will be diluted from 19.5% to around 15%. The $262 million institutional component was 90% supported (excluding the Pherous shares) with the shortfall going to a undisclosed institutional investors. The $113 million retail offer went to around 17,000 retail investors and permitted overs of up to a maximum of 100% of entitlement. The stock soared to $17.23 when trading resumed so it looks attractive. It ended up being over-subscribed with $92 million in applications and $53 million in overs. See outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $17.50 so a good return for participants. 7/10
October 8: Charter Hall Long WALE REIT (CLW): $60 million placement at $4.87 followed by a $10 million SPP at $4.80 (the discount reflects the missed distribution) which attracted $88.4 million in applications and was expanded to $66.1 million creating the rare situation of an SPP bringing in more cash than the earlier placement. The stock was trading at around $5.20 on the issue date so participants made around $2500 if they applied for the full $30,000. The scale back methodology was a 1-for-1 model so you only received the full $30,000 allocation if you went into the offer owning $30,000 worth of shares. There was no minimum allocation like in many scale backs so if you owned 10 shares you only received 10 more shares. Reasonable disclosure on participation with 4,423 applicants who applied for an average $20,000 each. Stock finished the year at $4.65 so investors are under-water. 6/10
October 7: Bubs Australia (BUB): $28.3 million placement at 80c, a 15.8% discount to the previous close of 95c, followed by a $10 million $30,000 SPP at the same price with provision to go to a maximum of $11.7 million. Was originally scheduled to close on September 23 but then extended to October 7 due to Australia Post delays. Ended up only bringing in $3.8 million from 492 applicants. Stock finished the year at 59c so investors well under water. 5/10
October 7: Gascoyne Resources (GCY): $85 million equity raising at 2.5c comprising a $35 million placement of 1.4 billion shares and a 2-for-1 non-renounceable entitlement offer to raise a further $50 million with "overs" limited to 50% of entitlement. The stock last traded at 3.9c on May 29 before being suspended and it still the subject of a DOCA after an earlier collapse. The record gold price is bringing back the dead as Gascoyne promises a revitalised mine plan for its existing Dalgaranga project in WA, plus aggressive pursuit of a number of exploration opportunities. The retail offer attracted $17.1 million in applications and was 71.3% subscribed with the shortfall to be dealt with ahead of trading resuming in late October after a 5 month suspension. Stock finished the year at 43c after a 20-for-1 capital reconstruction so those who shelled out the $85 million at the equivalent of 50c are under water. 5/10
October 6, BCI Minerals (BCI): 1-for-2 non-renounceable offer at 24c to raise $48 million with largest shareholder Kerry Stokes taking up his full allotment. The institutional component raised $20.8 million but the $27.2 million retail only attracted $5.5 million, leaving a $20.6 million shortfall with the under-writers. There were no overs, suggesting the under-writers were quite happy to pick up the stock. Stock finished the year at 30c so a 25% return for participants. 4/10.
September 23: Huon (HUO): $60 million placement at $3 followed by a capped $4 million SPP, albeit with a 2.5% discount to VWAP. Ended up being priced at $2.92 and raising just $2 million with good disclosure of the poor participation with the ASX told that only 160 or 9% of the 1734 eligible shareholders participated, with the average application being $12,500. Stock finished the year at $2.66 so all participants are under water. 5/10
September 22: Pointsbet (PBH): foreshadowed a $300 million raising on August 28 in conjunction with announcing its full year results and a major marketing deal with NBC. The stock duly soared from $7.50 to $14 on August 28 and then, after 3 days of trading, the $303 million capital raising was launched on September 2. It originally comprised a $150 million placement although this was up-sized to $200 million and priced at $11. The institutional component of the $153 million PAITREO raised $70.5 million with a 55% take up rate. The shortfall of 4.88m shares cleared at $12.50, raising $61 million and returning a hefty $6 a share or $29.3 million to non-participants. Rights trading ran from September 9 until September 15 with a value of $5.7 million and an average price of $6.48. There was a very healthy 92% take-up of the $82.7 million retail offer as $76 million came through the door. The 1.05 million retail shortfall shares cleared at $10.60, delivering $4.10 in compensation to non-participants so a win for the instos in terms of compensation. A well structured offer. Stock finished the year at $11.87. 7/10.
September 22: Orocobre (ORE): A $126 million placement at $2.52, which was priced at a 13% discount to the previous close of $2.90. Followed by a $30 million SPP at $2.52 or a 2% discount to VWAP. Board expanded to $43 million to avoid any scale back after 2,469 or 23% of the eligible 10,742 shareholders applied for an average of $17,000. Excellent disclosure in the outcome announcement and well done for uncapping the SPP. Stock finished the year at $4.47 so participants did very well. 6/10.
September 16: IOOF (IFL): a complicated $1.09 billion raising comprising a $432 million placement at $3.50, a 22.5% discount to the dividend-adjusted previous closed, a $588 million 1-for-2.09 non-renounceable entitlement offer and a follow-on $50m SPP, similar to the model adopted by Reece earlier this year. Poorly structured given the lack of renounceability, the excessive size of the placement and the bigger than average discount. The $734 million institutional component (including the placement) completed on September 2 with 92% support for the $282 million institutional component of the entitlement offer. The stock then resumed trading and tanked 21.7% to $3.58 on the first day before further declining. The $306 million entitlement offer was only supported by 3% as just 2.8 million shares were taken up for a total of $9.8 million. The $296 million shortfall went to under-writers and with the stock trading just above $3, they were down close to $50 million at one point. The $50 million SPP was equally poorly supported with just $3.8 million coming through the door. There was no VWAP alternative. Retail owned 52% of IOOF before the deal launched and will be diluted down to below 40% in what has been an appallingly structured deal. Stock finished the year at $3.52 so participants broke even. Retail offers opened on September 7 and closed on September 16 which was too tight a timetable. 3/10.
September 15: Emeco Holdings (EHL): $149 million 1-for-2.1 non-renounceable at 85c, an 18% discount to the previous close of $1.035. There was a 94% take-up of the $111 million institutional component. Retail were banned from applying for additional shares and the $38 million retail offer only attracted $6.5 million in applications so under-writers picked up $31.5m shortfall. Stock finished the year at $1.14 so participants well in front but retail badly diluted. 4/10.
September 15: Flexigroup, now called Humm (HUM): $140 million 1-for-3.2 accelerated non-renounceable entitlement offer at $1.14, a 12.6% discount to the previous close of $1.305. Retail were banned from applying for overs so there was guaranteed dilution. The institutional component raised $79 million with strong participation but the $61 million retail offer was poorly supported only attracting $3 million in applications given the stock was hovering around $1. The retail offer was 50% under-written by Citi so the company said it received $36 million from the retail offer with $33 million of this coming institutional under-writers. Founder Andrew Abercrombie took up 25% of his entitlement and wasn't compensated for the dilution. Stock finished the year at $1.125. 5/10
September 15: Spirit Telecom (STI): $18.2 million placement at 32c to help fund 3 acquisitions followed by a $5 million SPP with no VWAP pricing alternative. Was flooded with $16.7 million in applications and board refunded $11.7 million sticking with the original $5 million cap but scaled back based on size of application rather than size of holding. Stock finished the year at 40c so was a good placement to back. 4/10
September 14: De Grey Mining (DEG): $100 million placement at $1.20, a 16.4% discount to the previous close, with no SPP offered for retail holders. This follows an earlier $31.2 million placement at 28c on April 28 which also offered no SPP. Two separate placements with no SPP in 5 months. This is deliberate dilution of retail holders. Stock finished the year at $1.01 so lucky retail weren't offered an SPP on the second placement but they missed out big time on the first one. 1/10.
September 10: Tabcorp (TAH): $600 million 1-for-11 PAITREO at $3.25, an 11.4% discount to the previous close of $3.67. Rights trading for 8 days from August 24 until September 3. Under-written by UBS with a management fee of 0.4% and an under-writing fee of 1.3% for the institutional component and 1.5% for the retail component. There was a 97% take-up of the $371 million institutional component with the shortfall clearing at $3.70, generating a 45c compensation payment for non-participants. The shares resumed trading below $3.70 suggesting non-participating instos were well compensated, initially anyway. The 170,000 retail shareholders were offered a chance to spend $231 million taking up their rights, an average spend of just $1,360 each. Only 35,000 or 20.6% did so, committing $102 million, which was a 44% take up in dollar terms. The shortfall cleared at just $3.31, generating a 6c compensation payment to non-participants. The VWAP during rights trading was 32c with 8.5 million traded or some 12% of the total. Stock finished the year at $3.90. 8/10.
September 8: Coronado (CRN): A $250 million raising at 60c comprising an over-sized $145 million placement and a 2-for-11 $105 million accelerated non-renounceable which had a 95% participation rate from institutions although a corporate shareholder was diluted without compensation. The $11 million retail offer attracted $9.6 million in applications (including overs which were capped at 2 times entitlement) meaning the $1.4 million shortfall went to under-writers. The stock was at 72c when the retail offer allotted so these were tasty profits for the under-writers left on the table by retail. Stock finished the year at $1.13 so participants almost doubled their money. 4/10
September 7: Lynas (LYC): $425 million raising comprising a $212 million placement at $2.30, a 12% discount to the previous close, followed by a 1-for-7.7 non-renounceable entitlement offer at the same price with applications for additional shares limited to 50% of entitlement. There was no disclosure on the take-up rate in the $100 million institutional component of the entitlement offer. Existing holders were offered pro-rata on the placement and the offer under-written by Cannacord Genuity and Merrill Lynch. The $114 million retail offer attracted $60 million in applications from 7697 holders, which included $10 million in overs. The $54 million shortfall was given away to under-writers with no bookbuild so retail were quite badly diluted by the whole exercise, starting off with a majority stake in the company but only contributing $60 million of the $425 million raising. Stock finished the year at $3.90 so raising was a boomer for participants. 4/10.
September 4: 5G Networks (5GN): $30 million placement at $1.85 with CEO Joe Demase also selling 3m shares or 15% of his stake for $5.5 million. No sign of an SPP which is disappointing. Stock finished the year at $1.42 so investors underwater. 2/10.
September 2: Sydney Airport (SYD): $2 billion 1-for-5.15 PAITREO at $4.56, a 15.4% discount to the last trade of $5.39. A 3 day trading halt until Friday August 14 for the institutional offer. The retail component closes on September 2 and has rights trading from August 14 until August 26. UBS is sole under-writer with a 1.05% fee for the institutional component and a 1.7% fee for the retail component. Was a 93% take-up of the $1.3 billion institutional component with the $100 million shortfall clearing at $5.30, an impressive premium to the TERP which provided 74c of compensation. The $695 million retail offer went to 110,000 retail shareholders and the take-up was 62% in dollar terms or $430 million. There was excellent participation disclosure with 53,000 shareholders applying and rights trading was worth $19 million, ranging between 55c and 89c with the rights VWAP finishing at 78c. The 58.1 million shortfall shares cleared at $5.50, a 20c discount to the previous close, and this generated a 94c compensation payment to non-participants as institutions shelled out $320 million. A win for retail given the instos only received 74c and the best outcome for retail was exiting at the end rather than on market. Stock finished the year at $6.41 so raising was worth backing. 9/10
August 26: Perpetual (PPT): $225 million placement at $30.30, a 9.8% discount to the previous close of $33.61, followed by a $40m SPP at the placement price or a 2% discount to the 5 day VWAP leading into the closing date. Strangely, the placement represents 15.7% of issued capital so Perpetual chose to rely on the special provisions allowing placements of up to 25% against the normal limit of 15%. The placement conclusion announcement did not provide a percentage take-up but committed to pro-rata allocations on a best endeavors basis. Minimum SPP application of $1000. Ended up expanding the SPP cap to $50 million after receiving $68 million in applications. No minimum allocation. Stock finished the year at $34.76. 5/10.
August 26: Pantoro (PNR) : $50 million placement at 24c, a 5.9% discount to the previous close of 25.5c, underwritten by Argonaut to advance its WA gold interests followed by a $30,000 $5 million SPP at the same price which received $7 million in applications and was scaled back to $5.5 million with no disclosure on the scale back formula or the participation rates. Stock finished the year at 22c so underwater. 5/10.
August 21: WAM Microcap (WMI): ended up raising $88 million in a bizarrely combined placement/SPP at $1.38 that raised $29.3m in the placement and $58.7m in the SPP with both scaled back despite their being no disclosure on the size of applications. Stock finished the year at $1.89 so a good turn for those who got allocated. 5/10.
August 20: Centuria Industrial REIT (CIP): $240m million accelerated non-renounceable 1-for-3.7 institutional entitlement offer at $3.15 followed by a $101 million retail entitlement with overs limited at 50% of entitlement, which attracted just $35 million. It should have had unlimited overs and there was no breakdown provided on the total figure for overs. Under-written by UBS and JP Morgan. Stock finished the year at $3.09 so narrowly under-water. 5/10
August 18: City Chic Collective (CCX): $80 million placement at $3.05, a 4.7% discount to the previous close, followed by a $10 million SPP at the same price of a 2% discount to VWAP over the final 5 days of the offer. The placement represents 13.1% of issued capital and the SPP is just 11.1% of the capital raising. Placement conclusion announcement silent on allocation policy or take-up by existing holders. Ended up accepting all $31 million in SPP applications with no scale back which was generous for retail shareholders. Stock finished the year at $4.08 so strong returns. 7/10
August 14: Downer EDI (DOW): $400 million 1-for-5.58 non-renounceable entitlement offer at $3.75, a 12% discount to the previous close of $4.26. The $339 million institutional component was supported by 97% of holders but shortfall was given away at the offer price. The $61 million retail offer had no overs and unsurprisingly fell 49% short with the $30 million shortfall being handed away to institutional sub-underwriters. Retail investors started off owning just 15.25% of the company and were diluted by the $30 million shortfall because they were banned from applying for additional shares in an in-the-money offer. A month later the stock at $4.23 so this was serious dilution. Stock finished the year at $5.33 so the retail shortfall has been very costly. 2/10
August 12: Cann Group (CAN): after a $14.3 million placement at 40c, launched a $10m SPP at the same price but ended up accepting all $25.6 million in applications bringing the total raising to $40.2 million and being a rare example (see list) of an SPP being larger than the earlier placement. The SPP participation disclosure was good with 2,793 applicants, comprising 14.5% of the nearly 20,000 shareholders. Stock finished the year at 59c so strong returns. 6/10
August 11: Audinate (AD8): $40m raising comprising a $28m placement at $5.15, a 9.5% discount to the previous close, and then a $12m SPP at the same price or a 2% discount to VWAP. The placement comprises 8% of issued capital and the SPP is 30% of the raising, which is above average. Under-written by UBS and Canaccord Genuity and placement conclusion announcement commented on "best endeavors" commitment to pro-rata allocation for existing holders. $12 million SPP was fully subscribed despite marginal pricing but there was no disclosure of the total applications or the participation data in the SPP outcome announcement. All we know is that applicants with less than 50 shares received nothing and everyone else got 61% of their existing holding. Stock finished the year at $8.15 so an excellent return. 6/10.
August 7: Stavely Minerals (SVY): raised $25 million in a placement at 60c, a 14.2% discount to the 5 day VWAP of 70c, with a $3m SPP to follow in order to advance its gold project in Western Victoria. Two insiders collectively sold down 2m of their 15m shares into the placement which was large relative to the existing share base such that part of it was subject to shareholder approval. The SPP had no VWAP pricing alternative and applicants were unfairly capped at $12,000 with a minimum application of $3000. The SPP raised $2.8 million with no disclosure of participation rates. Stock finished the year at 79c so solid 30% return for participants. 6/10
August 7: Bellevue Gold (BGL): Announced a $100m placement at the fixed price of $1, a 10.7% discount to the last close of $1.12, to be followed by a $20 million SPP at the same price with no VWAP pricing alternative. The placement outcome announcement claimed the book was covered "multiple times" and made no commitment to pro-rata allocations. Also no reference to what percentage of stock went to existing holders, which is normal in these announcements. Good participation disclosure in the SPP outcome announcement except for the failure to reveal total applications. The $20 million cap was lifted to $35 million and the scale back policy was based on size of holding based on two thresholds: below 1000 shares got 403 shares and between 1001 shares and 29,999 shares got 78% of their application whilst everyone above 30,000 got the lot. It was a bit unfair to scale back someone with 900 shares to just a $403 allocation but apart from that, the expansion was welcome and scale back policy reasonable. Stock finished the year at $1.12 so reasonable return. 6/10
August 5: July 22: QANTAS (QAN): A $1.36 billion placement at $3.65 which represented the maximum 25% of pre-raising issued capital utilising the COVID-19 emergency provisions given that the normal placement is only 15%. The pricing was a steep 12.9% discount to the previous close of $4.19 and this was followed by a $500 million SPP on the same terms or a 2.5% discount to the 5-day VWAP. With around 93,000 eligible shareholders, the theoretical maximum in SPP allocations is $2.79 billion, so the $500m cap represents 18% of this figure which is above the average. The placement outcome announcement disclosed that 94% of the stock went to existing holders so around $80 million came from non-shareholders. The raising was under-written by JP Morgan and Macquarie for a minimum fee of 1.35% or some $18.4 million. Stock was trading below the placement price a week before the close, so the board controversially extended the July 22 closing date until August 5. Ended up raising $71.7m at $3.18 with a 5% participation rate. SPP outcome announcement adopted best practice transparency as 8,660 of the 173,343 eligible holders contributed an average $8,200 each. Stock finished the year at $4.85 so placement recipients are 33% or $447 million in front and SPP participants did even better. With a big retail based, 6/10
August 5: BWX (BWX): the listed hair and skincare products manufacturer announced a $40 million placement at $3.40, a 7.1% discount to the previous close of $3.66, followed by a $10 million SPP at the same price with no VWAP alternative. The raising is under-written by Macquarie and Bell Potter and placement represents 9.5% of issued capital. The placement outcome announcement talked of strong demand exceeding supply and an allocation policy based on pro-rata for existing holders. The stock soared to $4.38 when trading resumed suggesting placement was under-priced. Disclosed 8,800 shareholders in the 2019 annual report so the theoretical maximum in applications for the SPP was $264 million. Ended up receiving $30 million in SPP applications and the board lifted the $10m cap to $12m and applied a scale back based on size of holding with a minimum allocation of $1000. Fair enough. Stock finished the year at $4.11 so a nice earner. 5/10
August 4: Sezzle (SZL): Announced a $US60 million raising with a placement under-written by Ord Minnett at $5 but then priced in a bookbuild which finished at $5.30, raising $79 million. Followed by a $7.2 million SPP which was swamped with $78.2 million in applications with an extraordinary participation rate of 72.6% (4395 out of 6055 shareholders applied). Directors refused to expand the $7.2m cap so $71 million or some 92% of application monies were refunded with the scale back formula based on size of holding. At least the SPP outcome announcement included a table showing that only those with more than 100,000 shares received the full $30,000 allocation. Stock was above $7 during the offer period, which explains the strong demand. The buy now pay later sector is certainly hot. Stock finished the year at $6.17 so solid returns. 2/10
August 3: Helloworld (HLO): a $50 million capital raising comprising a $27 million placement at $1.65, a hefty 16% discount to the previous close of $1.965 and accessing the expanded placement rules given it comprised 24.3% of issued capital. Twinned with a 1-for-9 entitlement offer at $1.65 with unlimited overs comprising a $17.5m institutional component and a $5.4m retail offer. CEO Andrew Burnes took up $5m in new stock or 70% of his entitlement and Qantas chose to be diluted. Placement outcome announcement curiously claimed a 97% take-up rate by institutions. Stock was trading at a discount shortly before retail offer closed so only 790k came through the door comprising 550 in applications and 240k in over, for a total take up of 17.2% of the $5.4m offer. The shortfall went to under-writers. The 3 biggest shareholders were all diluted with Burnes dropping by 3.2% to 28.15%, Qantas dipping from 15.4% to 12.8%, and Spiros Alysandratos dropping by around 1% to 17%. Fidelity picked up the slack, moving from nothing to 8% after spending $6.66 million. Stock finished the year at $2.52 so worth backing. 4/10
July 30: Afterpay (APT): Announced a $650m placement at a floor price of $61.75 but then ended up pricing it at $66, a modest 2.9% discount to the previous close of $68. The founders also sold $270 million worth of stock into the same bookbuild at $66. A $150 million SPP followed at $66 or the 5 day VWAP with no discount, although it is capped at $20,000 per investor. Afterpay only completed its last $15,000 SPP in January when $240 million poured in chasing $30 million at the $23 offer price and the board lifted the overall amount by 10% to $33 million. This partially explains the $20,000 cap because no investor can receive more than $30,000 through an SPP in any 12 month period. Ended up accepting all $136 million in applications with good transparency on participation data as company disclosed offer was sent to 53,465 holders with 10,110 applications and a participation rate of 19%. The minimum application through the SPP was $1000. Stock finished the year at $118 so placement recipients have made $512m on paper and non-participants in the SPP left plenty on the table. 6/10
July 29, Capricorn Metals: (CMM): $32.3m placement at $1.90, a 7.8% discount to the previous close with the placement comprising 4.9% of issued capitals. Funds needed for gold project expansion. Mayor shareholder Hawke's Point also sold down from 16.7% to 10% at the same price. No accompanying SPP so retail badly shafted. Stock finished the year at $1.78 so marginally under water. 2/10.
July 24, Calidus Resources (CAI): completed $25m placement at 51c, an 8% discount to the 15 day VWAP, to advance East Pilbara gold project. No SPP at all for retail. Very disappointing. Stock finished the year at 50c so break even. 2/10.
July 23: Mincor Resources (MCR): $50 million two-stage placement at 72c with the second $32.7m component subject to shareholder approval in August. Priced at 72c, a 12.2% discount to the previous close. Under-written by Euroz and Macquarie. Twiggy Forrest took up $8.3m reflecting current 13.8% stake and placement outcome announcement committed to pro-rata on a best endeavours basis. $10m SPP at 72c unfairly limited to $15,000 followed and was surprisingly closed two days early on July 22 once $10.4m was through the door. This was tipped as a possibility in the SPP offer document. Stock was only marginally in the money at 75c when SPP closed. No disclosure on participation data with SPP. Stock finished the year at $1.10 so strong returns for participants. 5/10
July 21: Home Consortium (HMC): $140 million placement at $2.88, a modest 4% discount to the previous close of $3, followed by a $30m SPP with a 2.5% discount to the 5 day VWAP. Key shareholders such as Chemist Warehouse and Spotlight didn't participate in the placement. Only floated last year so no disclosure of shareholder numbers in an annual report as yet but listed 3,223 holders immediately after it floated. Ended up only receiving $10.63m in SPP applications based on a VWAP price of $2.83, a 5c discount to the placement. Poor disclosure in outcome announcement on participation rates or even how the VWAP price was calculated. Stock finished the year at $4 so excellent returns for participants. 4/10
July 21: Challenger (CGF): A $270 million placement at $4.89, an 8.1% discount to the previous close of $5.32. Placement represents 9% of issued capital and the follow-on $30 million SPP looks a little skinny as it only represents 10% of the capital raising. The SPP has a secondary pricing based on a 2% discount to the 5-day VWAP and the raising is under-written by Macquarie and Goldman Sachs. SPP received $40m in applications and board expanded it to $35 million, scaling back $5 million based on size of holdings. VWAP pricing was $4.32, a significant discount to the $4.89 paid by instos in the earlier $270m placement. No disclosure on participation rates. Stock finished the year at $6.44 so strong returns. 5/10.
July 17: 5G Networks (5GN): $18.3 million placement at $1.23 followed by a $4m SPP at the same price or a 2% discount to VWAP. The original closing date of July 8 was extended to July 17. The price weakened so the VWAP pricing kicked in and $3.87 million worth of SPP stock was issued to 493 retail shareholders at $1.14, a 9c or 7.3% discount to the placement price . See SPP outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $1.42 for a solid return. 5/10
July 9: Alliance Aviation Services (AQZ): $92 million placement at $2.95, a modest 4.8% discount to the previous close of $3.10, to be followed by a $30 million SPP at the same price or a 2% discount to VWAP. The share price weakened and only $3.8 million came through the door from retail and the outcome announcement had good transparency disclosing 304 of the 2550 eligible shareholders applied or some 8.4%. The VWAP pricing based on a 2% discount came into play with retail investors paying $2.85 or 10c less than the institutions. Stock finished the year at $3.84 for an excellent return. 5/10
July 6: Uniti Group (UWL): $270 million non-renounceable 1-for-1.68 at $1.40 with no ability for retail shareholders to apply for additional shares and no compensation for non-participants. There was no disclosure about the level of take-up by existing institutions in the $152 million institutional offer, with the shortfall allocated at the offer price rather than through a bookbuild that maximised the price and generated some compensation for non-participants. The $118 million retail offer, which is bigger than usual comprising 43.7% of the overall offer, finished 58% or $69 million short despite never trading below the $1.40 offer price. The shortfall went to sub-underwriters selected by Uniti. Goldman Sachs and Merrill Lynch were the under-writers of a badly structured offer that diluted retail investors. Stock finished the year at $1.71 so solid returns. 3/10.
July 6: Vicinity Centres (VCX): $1.2 billion placement at $1.48 (an 8.1% discount to the last close of $1.61) followed by $200m SPP at the same price or a 2% discount to VWAP based on the last 5 days of the offer. Billionaire John Gandel agreed to take up $100 million worth of new shares or some 8.33% of the placement. Given that he currently owns 18.2%, he is being diluted and the ASX only got involved with this special waiver because he has board representation. The placement outcome announcement made it clear some new shareholders joined the register with the company using its discretion. Only received $32.6m in SPP applications from 2400 shareholders given share price weakness so no scale back given $200m cap. The VWAP pricing kicked at at $1.44, a discount to the $1.48 placement price. See SPP completion announcement. Stock finished the year at $1.60 for a modest return after spending many weeks underwater. 5/10.
July 3: Blackmores (BKL): $92 million placement at $72.50, an 8.1% discount to the last close of $78.85, followed by a capped $25m SPP with VWAP pricing based on a 2.5% discount over both the last day and the last 5 days. An unusually long offer period from June 3 until July 3 and then another unusual delay until July 15 for the SPP stock to trade. Largest shareholder Marcus Blackmore didn't participate and was diluted down to around 21.5%. With around 18,000 shareholders, the theoretical maximum for the SPP is $540 million but retail are only being offered 4.63% of this amount and 21.3% of the overall $117 million raising. The placement outcome announcement committed to pro-rata for institutional component with some new shareholders coming in under board discretion based on alignment. Ended up receiving $77m in SPP applications and responded by lifting the cap from $25m to $49m with a pro rata scale back and a $1000 minimum allocation. Good transparency on 25% SPP participation rate. Stock finished the year at $75.55 for a negligible return. 5/10.
July 3: Kogan.com (KGN): $100m placement at $11.45, a 7.5% discount to the previous close, followed by $15m SPP at the same price with no VWAP alternative. Seems opportunistic given the company's cash balance and the recent run up in its share price. The executives were recently issued options at much cheaper prices. Was more than 30% in the money on the closing data so no surprise the offer was flooded with $115m in applications. The board only lifted the cap modestly by $5m to $20m, causing a $95 million refund equivalent to 82% of all applications. The scale back formula was pro-rata based size of holding with no minimum. There was a good table explaining the allocations in the SPP outcome announcement and participation hit 52%, a rare majority, as 6,793 of the 13,015 eligible shareholders applied for SPP shares. Stock finished the year at $19 so fabulous returns for the lucky participants. 4/10
July 3: Sky City Casino (SKC): Launched a $NZ230 million placement at $NZ2.50, a 6.4% discount to the previous close of $NZ2.67, followed by a $NZ50m SPP with investors able to apply for up to $NZ50,000 ($A47,000) worth of new shares. Excellent transparency in the placement outcome announcement and good to see disclosure that the SPP comprises 22% of the capital raising when retail investors only own 21% of the company. The SPP offer document also made it very clear that the $NZ50 million cap won't be lifted and the allocation policy in the event of a scale back will be pro rata based on the size of your holding. This was academic in the end because applications only totalled $NZ45.6 million and the $NZ4.4 million shortfall went to the under-writers, a rarity with SPPs in the Australian market. Stock finished the year at $A2.97 so solid returns. 6/10 for the transparency.
July 3: Super Retail Group (SUL): $203 million non-renounceable entitlement offer at $7.19, an 8% discount to the previous close of $7.81. Founder Reg Rowe agreed to take up his full $59.2 million entitlement (29.1%) and therefore won't be diluted. The $158 million institutional component (including Reg Rowe) was 95% subscribed with no disclosure on who got the $8 million shortfall. The failure to allow 10,000 retail shareholders to apply for additional shares in the $44 million retail offer, despite a specific written request to do so, has guaranteed a retail shortfall. Macquarie and UBS were the joint managers and under-writers, taking a fee of $2.05%, excluding the Reg Rowe component. The retail offer was well in the money but only attracted a 69% take up ($30.4m) so the unknown under-writers picked up $13.64m worth of shortfall stock which should have either been auctioned off to the highest bidder or offered to other retail investors. Stock finished the year at $10.53 so the retail shortfall proved costly. 3/10
July 2: Temple & Webster (TPW): a $40 million placement at $5.70, a 9.7% discount to the last close of $6.31. No wonder it talked about heavy demand. Very disappointing to not have any form of follow-up SPP for retail investors. Stock was at $7.60 in early July so clear lost value and dilution for retail investors who are still waiting for their SPP. Stock finished the year at $11.07 so a boomer for all participants. 1/10
June 29: IRESS (IRE): $150m placement at $10.42, a 7% discount to the last close of $11.21, followed by a $20m SPP at the placement price or a 2% discount to the closing price on the last day of the offer or the VWAP over the last 5 days, whichever is lower. The placement comprises 8.2% of issued capital and the board has signaled that any SPP scale back will be based on the size of an applicant's holding. The board has not disclosed what proportion of IRESS was owned by retail shareholders going into the capital raising but if all 7,366 shareholder applied for the maximum $30,000, it would be dealing with $221 million in applications. The SPP comprises 11.76% of the capital raising. The placement outcome announcement committed to pro rata for applicants with the board using discretion based on alignment for the balance. The SPP outcome announcement disclosed a 30.4% participation and indirectly revealed applications totalled $42 million. The cap was lifted by $5m to $25 million and the scale back was based on size of holding but with a minimum allocation of $2500. Stock finished the year at $10.61 so a marginal play. 5/10
June 25, Atlas Alteria (ALX): $420 million placement at $6.20, a 7.5% discount to the last close of $6.70, followed by a $30,000 SPP capped at $75 million for retail investors. The placement outcome announcement stressed there was strong demand with all stock allocated to existing shareholders, suggesting it could have been priced more aggressively. With 25,000 shareholders the theoretical maximum for the SPP is $750 million with retail being offered 10% of this amount and 15% of the overall raising. This broadly aligned with the retail share of the register revealed in last year's $1.35 billion capital raising which included an $898 million entitlement offer, 16% or $145 million of which came through retail shareholders. Was only marginally in the money at the close but still attracted $180 million in applications and the board failed to lift the cap. The scale back was based on size of holding with a minimum allocation to all of $1000. Good transparency on SPP participation which hit 35.7% as 9,300 out of 26,000 shareholders applied. See announcement. Stock finished the year at $6.50 for a negligible gain. 5/10
June 25, Infratil (IFT): The NZ-based infrastructure investor announced a $NZ250 million placement at $NZ4.76, an 8% discount to the previous close, followed by a $NZ50 million SPP with investors capped at $NZ50,000 each. The SPP had an alternative pricing based on a 2.5% discount to the 5-day VWAP which came into play with retail investors charged $NZ4.65, an 11c discount to the placement price. Surprisingly strong SPP demand of $NZ131m from 10,829 applicants but the board refused to lift the $NZ50m cap and imposed a scale back based on size of holding with no minimum allocation. See SPP outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $A6.91 for a solid return. 5/10
June 25, Arena REIT (ARF): $60 million placement, upsized from $50m, at $2.28, a 5% discount to the previous close, followed by a $10 million SPP, priced with an adjustment for distribution guidance and with no VWAP pricing alternative. Placement conclusion announcement committed to pro-rata for applicants but no disclosure about how the shortfall was handled. Ended up accepting all $24.9 million in SPP applications with no scale back. See announcement. Stock finished the year at $2.88 for a reasonable return. 6/10
June 24, Aspen Group (APZ): $20 million raising at $1.10 with $17 million through a placement followed by a $3m SPP with no VWAP pricing alternative. Unusual element saw a major shareholder decline to participate and then also decline to exit through the bookbuild process. See placement outcome announcement. The SPP was scaled back to the cap of $3 million with no disclosure of total applications and using a formula capped at 19 times your holding so that "this scaling methodology prevents a disproportionate allocation of stock to holders with nominal security holdings." Stock finished the year at $1.21 for a marginal gain. 5/10
June 24, Peninsula Energy (PEN): announced a $40.3 million pro-rata entitlement offer at a massive 45% discount to the previous close that it described as “renounceable”. Shareholders can sell their entitlements on market between June 9 and June 17, but if they don't sell on market or take up the 9-for-5 offer at 7.1c, the directors will simply sell off the shortfall to whoever they like at the offer price of 7.1c. In other words, take it up or get massively diluted and if you do nothing you get nothing but heavy dilution. True renounceability would see the under-writer conduct a competitive auction of the shortfall and any premium achieved above the 7.1c offer price returned to the non-participating shareholders as compensation. Stock finished the year at 11c so was worth participating to avoid the dilution. 5/10
June 22, Aeris Resources (AIS): 2.02-for-1 non-renounceable entitlement offer at 3c to raise $40 million. Under-written by Euroz and Bell Potter. Retail offer was only 26% subscribed with $2.6 million coming in, including less than $200,000 in the "overs" offer. The shortfall offer attracted about $6 million in bids at the 3c offer price with $93m shares or $2.8 million worth of stock finishing up with the under-writers. See outcome announcement. Stock never closed below 3c after the offer closed so no damage for either participants or the under-writer. Stock finished the year at 10c under-writers made a fortune. 6/10.
June 18, United Malt (UMG): $140 million placement at $3.80 followed by a $25 million SPP at the placement price or a 2% discount to VWAP over the last 5 days of the offer period. Was priced at an 11.4% discount to the last close of $4.29 and the stock closed at $4.10 on May 15. With almost 13,000 shareholders, the theoretical maximum in SPP applications is around $400 million. Ended up receiving $62.9 million in applications and lifted the cap to $30.6 million imposing a scale back model based on size of holding but with a minimum allocation of 264 shares costing $1003. See SPP outcome announcement which had good participation disclosure. Stock finished the year at $4.10 for a marginal return. 5/10
June 18, Novonix (NVX): a curious $58 million placement priced at just 29c, a massive 56% discount to the last trade. Comprises a $5.65m institutional placement, plus a strategic placement to Rich Lister Trevor St Baker of up to $19.4m and then a 1-for-1 entitlement offer to raise $38 million. The size of the discount and the selective placement looks awful in terms of retail dilution but the stock rocketed to a high of $1.40 on June 10 before retreating again. The huge discount meant the retail offer finished only 3.3% short with just $1.3 million worth of stock available. Controversially, 3.61 million shares or $1 million worth of stock was given to sub-underwriters and all applicants for additional shares were scaled back to a maximum of 1724 shares costing just $500. There was no disclosure on total applications (suspect over-subscriptions exceeded $10m) or the numbers of shareholders who were given the offer and applied to take it up. See outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $1.21 so a 4 bagger for those who got stock. 3/10
June 17, Decmil (DCG) $52 million raising structured as a non-renounceable 4.2-for-1 at 5c. The previous trade before a month long suspension was at 20c so existing shareholders will take a huge haircut if they don't take up their entitlement. See power point presentation. The $20.3 million retail component finished 65% subscribed and shareholders were able to subscribe for unlimited additional shares although there was no disclosure of the breakdown in the outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at 63c after a 1-for-5 consolidation which is the equivalent of 12.6c so backers of the capital raising at 5c did very well. 6/10 thanks to unlimited overs.
June 12, Panoramic Resources (PAN): $90 million raising at the heavily discounted price of 7c comprising a $29 million placement and a $61m 1.15-for-1 non-renounceable entitlement offer at 7c with retail shareholders limited to "overs" of 50% of entitlement. Western Areas is entering as a 19.9% shareholder via the placement and a priority entitlement to the retail shortfall. Last trade was 12c so this 41% discount is a terrible deal for retail investors who get heavily diluted, particularly those who don't participate. The institutional component raised $52m including $23.2m for the accelerated offer with the large $38m retail entitlement offer, which included overs, finishing 66% subscribed, leaving a big shortfall for Western Areas. Stock finished the year at 13c so big participants such as Western Areas nearly doubled their money. 3/10
June 11, Breville (BRG): $94 million placement at $17 followed by a $10 million under-written SPP with no VWAP alternative. UBS and Goldman Sachs are joint under-writers and Solomon Lew's interests have declined to participate so will be marginally diluted down from current 33% stake although the raising only represents 4.7% of existing capital. With about 3400 retail shareholders the maximum SPP application is around $100 million. Seems a bit rough to limit the SPP to just 9.6% of the raising, particularly when the Lew interests are not participating. Placement completed in record time after being launch at 6.45pm on May 13 and then with completion announcement lodged at 9.06am on May 14. Stock above $20 throughout the SPP offer period so no surprise when $54.7 million came through the door. The board stuck with the $10m cap, so a heavy 80%-plus scale back based on side of holding with a minimum allocation of 30 shares costing $510. Good transparency on participation with 3104 holders applying or 44.25% of the eligible cohort. Stock finished the year at $25.57 so a 50% return for participants. 5/10
June 9, Incitec Pivot (IPL) $600 million placement at $2, an 8.7% discount to previous close of $2.19 followed by a $75m SPP at the placement price or a 2% discount to the 5 day VWAP. Around 40,000 shareholders so theoretical SPP maximum of $1.2 billion and they have been allocated 11.1% of $675 million raising. This is around the 30th largest placement of all time - see full list of biggest placements. Wrote to them on May 11 requesting a range of transparency measures including maximum disclosure in the placement completion announcement. They revealed that only $12 million went to non-shareholders. The SPP outcome announcement did not reveal participation data and the $57.5 million in applications finished short of the $75m cap so there was no scaleback. Stock finished the year at $2.28 so a reasonable return despite being underwater for many weeks. 5/10
June 9, Nickel Mines (NIC): A $231 million non-renounceable 1-for-3.6 entitlement offer at 50c to fund Indonesia expansion. Priced at an 11.5% discount to the previous close of 56.5c and retail shareholders can apply for unlimited additional shares. The $179m institutional component was 75% subscribed by existing holders, which is lower than average, meaning new holders picked up at the shortfall at 50c with no compensation paid to non-participants. The $53 million retail offer attracted $32 million in entitlement applications, $7 million in applications for additional shares and under-writers picked up the remaining $14 million shortfall. The offer was in-the-money for the duration but still fell short with no compensation for non-participants. No data was provided on participation rates by shareholder. Stock finished the year at $1.10 so an absolute boomer for the under-writers who picked up shortfall stock. 6/10
June 4, Open Pay (OPY): $33.7 million placement at $2.40, a 9.8% premium to the previous close. No SPP offer for retail investors but at least the placement was a premium. Stock finished the year at $2.26 so investors are slightly underwater. 6/10 due to the premium pricing.
June 2, Credit Corp (CCP) $120 million placement at $12.50, an 11.6% discount to the previous close of $14.14. To be followed by a $30 million SPP at the placement price or a 2.5% discount to the VWAP over the last 5 days of the offer. Made this allocations announcement given placement exceeded 15% and disclosed that 12% of the placement went to new shareholders. The company has a history of scaling back SPPs after it did a $125 million placement in April 2019 and proposed to cap its follow on SPP at just $10 million, but then expanded this to $15 million after strong demand of about $40 million. Wrote to them on April 29 requesting the SPP cap be lifted and they ended up accepting an additional $5 million to accept $35 million of the $102 million in applications. They were calling shareholders to sell the offer which was an odd tactic given the likelihood of a heavy scale back. See SPP outcome announcement which disclosed there was 5400 applicants but not how many shareholders were eligible to apply. Stock finished the year at $29.70 so participants more than doubled their money. 4/10 given heavy SPP scale back.
June 2, National Storage (NSR) $300 million placement at $1.57, a 7.1% discount to last trade of $1.69, using the extra placement capacity rule to expand its issued capital by an excessive 24.1%. Was followed by an under-sized $30m SPP equivalent to just 9.1% of the $330 million with no VWAP pricing alternative. The 6,300 retail shareholders could apply for $189 million in stock. Predator Abacus has just under 5% and was deliberately diluted. Joint under-writer JP Morgan also agreed to provide an additional $100m debt facility, something we haven't seen negotiated with many other equity under-writers. The special placement allocations announcement didn't reveal anything meaningful about what proportion of the placement went to new shareholders. Ended up accepting all $48 million of SPP applications, so a 60% expansion beyond the original $30m cap. See SPP outcome announcement which didn't include any participation data. Stock finished the year at $1.91 so a solid return. 6/10.
June 2, Australian Finance Group (AFG): $60 million raising comprising a $15 million placement at a 17.3% discount of $1.15 followed by a non-renounceable 1-for-5.5 at $1.15 with certain insiders partially under-writing the retail offer. Retail can't apply for overs which is a bad thing, particularly with insiders under-writing the guaranteed shortfall. The retail offer was 78% subscribed with $10.1 million raised and an additional $2.96 million coming from the under-writers. With the shares at $1.70 when the retail outcome was announced, this ended up being heavily dilutive for retail investors when combining the impact of the placement, the size of the discount and the retail shortfall. Stock finished the year at $2.63 so offer was massively under-priced. 2/10.
May 29, Ingenia (INA) $150 million placement at $3.45 followed by a $25 million SPP at the same price or a 2% discount to the 5 day VWAP leading up to the May 29 close. This only proposes giving retail 14.3% of the $175 million capital raising when a $109.8 million entitlement offer last year suggested retail owned 16.7% of the register at the time. However, this would have been diluted by the accompanying $21.3m placement at the time, plus the fact that the $18.4 million retail component finished 26% short after applications for additional shares were limited to 15% of an entitlement. Only has about 3500 holders so the theoretical maximum for the SPP is $105 million and the company ended up accepting all $27.9 million in SPP applications, marginally lifting the $25 million cap. Only about 30% of shareholders participated even though it was more than 20% in the money. Stock finished the year at $4.92 so solid returns for participants. 5/10
May 29, Dicker Data (DDR) $50m placement at $6.70, a 6.7% discount to the last trade of $7.18. Placement only comprises 4.6% of issued capital and to be followed by a $5m SPP at the placement price of a 2% discount to VWAP closing on May 29. With 7000 retail shareholders, the theoretical maximum in SPP applications is $210 million. Wrote to them on May 7 requesting some transparency measures and that the $5m SPP cap be lifted. In the end, the cap was lifted from $5m to $15m after $53.7 million came through the door. Scale back was pro rata with a minimum allocation of $1000 worth of shares and good transparency on participation rates which hit an impressive 40.7% with the average application being $15,000. See outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $10.45 so recipients did well and capital raising probably wasn't needed. 5/10.
May 27, Newcrest Mining (NCM): $1 billion placement at $26.50 followed by a $100m SPP at the same price or a 2% discount to VWAP. With 54,000 retail holders, the theoretical maximum is $1.62 billion so significant scale back risk with retail only allocated 9.1% of the raising. Wrote to them on May 12 requesting a range of transparency and disclosure measures, including an increase in the $100 million cap, particularly given Newcrest restricted retail investors to just $5000 each during its last SPP in 2009 when the maximum was $15,000. In the end, 15,574 of the 54,107 eligible shareholders applied and with $300 million through the door, they expanded the raising to $200 million and used a scale back formula based on size of holding with no minimum allocation. See outcome announcement which failed to explain how many shares applicants would receive. Stock finished the year at $25.78 so participants slightly under water. 6/10.
May 26, Lend Lease (LLC): $950 million placement at $9.80 followed by a $200m SPP at $9.80 or a 2% discount to VWAP (last 5 day and last day). Placement is equivalent to 17.2% of capital so ASIC and ASX will have to be provided the allocation spreadsheet. Closes Tuesday May 26 and allotted 7 business days later on Thursday June 4. Wrote to them on April 28 requesting a range of transparency measures and a bit disappointed with the lack of detail in this placement conclusion announcement suggesting some stock was issued to non-shareholders, in contrast to what NAB did. In the end, the SPP attracted $429.4 million in applications and the board lifted the $200 million cap to $300 million and refunded $129.4 million. This meant retail contributed 24% of the $1.25 billion capital raising. The board said this was "designed to maintain the relativity between retail and institutional shareholders after the equity raising to what it was immediately prior to the equity raising". Indeed, but why didn't they propose that from the start? Stock finished the year at $13.10 so participants did well. 6/10.
May 26, 2020: Charter Hall Social Infrastructure (CQE): $100m placement comprising 15% of issued capital at $2.20, a 7.6% discount to the last close of $2.38, followed by a $15m SPP at $2.20 or a 2% discount to VWAP on either the closing date or the last 5 days, which ever is lower. Requested an increase in the SPP cap but also thanked them for adopting VWAP pricing after sister REIT Charter Hall Retail didn't offer this the previous week. End up accepting all $23.1 million in SPP applications. See announcement. Has some history with lifting capped SPPs, after it set a $5m cap on an offer earlier in 2020 but then received $19.3m in applications, which were all commendably accepted. Stock finished the year at $3.67 so one of the better returns from a property trust. 6/10
May 22, 2020:NAB (NAB): $3 billion fixed price placement at $14.15 followed by $500m SPP at the same price or a 2% discount to VWAP. The 500,000-plus retail shareholders owned 48% of the bank before the placement and if they all apply, more than $15 billion will come through the door even though retail are only being allocated 14.3% of the raising. Wrote to the board on April 27 requesting an increase in the SPP cap and good detail in this placement conclusion announcement which commendably disclosed that no shares were allocated to non-shareholders. NAB has a history of SPP scalebacks, particularly in 2009 when it maintained a $750 million cap despite receiving $2.6 billion in applications. In the end, 155,000 shareholders applied for $2.9 billion worth of stock and the board lifted the cap to $1.25 billion using a pro-rata scale back method based on size of holding but with a minimum allocation of $2500. See outcome announcement. The $1.65 billion refund was only beaten by NAB's own $1.85 billion refund in 2009. Good transparency in the outcome announcement besides not releasing a table showing how many shares applicants would be allocated based on the size of their holding. Board announced a $2.5 billion on-market buy back in August 2021 when the stock had recovered to $26, confirming how the panicked and unfair raising was ridiculously discounted. 3/10.
May 21, 2020: Infomedia (IFM): $70 million placement at $1.50 followed by a $30,000 SPP for retail investors capped at $15 million and with alternative pricing based on a 2% discount to VWAP. Wrote to the company and received a considered reply including disclosure that 2% of the placement went to non-shareholders and retail owned 35% of the company before the placement was launched, suggesting an increase in the cap might be in order given that it only envisages retail receiving 17.6% of the $85 million capital raising. Was only marginally in the money so demand of $13.9 million was less than the cap so no scale back. Excellent participation data. See outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $1.93 so a good return for participants. 6/10.
May 21, 2020: Charter Hall Retail (CQR): $275 million placement at $2.90 followed by a $25m SPP at the same price with no VWAP alternative. Closed May 21 and allotted May 28. Engaged over the lack of a VWAP alternative but management declined to make any changes. In the end they lifted the cap and accepted at $29.4 million in applications. See outcome announcement. Declined to provide precise data on participation rates. Stock finished the year at $3.67 delivering a solid gain for participants. 5/10
May 21, 2020: Qube (QUB): a $500 million 1-for-6.35 non-renounceable entitlement offer at $1.95 with retail investors invited to apply for additional shares equivalent to 100% of entitlement. Canada's CPP declined to participate in the $264 million accelerated institutional offer but there was 99.3% demand for the balance and "overwhelming demand" for the shortfall. No disclosure as to how the shortfall and CPP's entitlement was allocated in this ASX announcement. The $236 million retail offer to the 27,000 holders closes on May 21 and is allotted on May 28. The average retail offer will be for $8740 worth of new shares with applicants able to apply for double this under the "overs" component which will hopefully ensure it doesn't short. The stock soared to $2.56 after the suspension was lifted so being 31% in the money, let's hope the board runs a strong marketing campaign to maximise participation. Wrote to the company on May 5 and received a considered reply from the CFO pointing out that there hadn't been a shortfall in two previous entitlement offers which had an overs limit of 100% of entitlement. He was right. The entitlement take-up was a staggering 83% and this soared to 138% with the overs, leading to a scale back based on size of holding. See announcement. Stock finished the year at $2.94 which was a solid performance and kind of academic given high participation and pro-rata structure spread the gains evenly. 7/10
May 20, 2020: Ramsay Healthcare (RHC): Launched a $1.2 billion institutional placement on April 22 at a 12.9% discount of $56, under-written by JP Morgan. A $200 million SPP will follow at the same price or a 2% discount to VWAP over the last 5 days of the offer. Ramsay has 80,273 shareholders so the theoretical maximum application for the SPP is worth $2.4 billion and they ended up receiving $695 million after 41,877 shareholders applied for an average amount of $16,596. The $200 million was lifted to $300 million, meaning $395 million was still refunded based on size of holding but with a minimum allocation of $560. Had a number of exchanges with the company and the outcome was reasonable, including excellent transparency on participation rates in the outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $62.18 so only marginal gains for participants. 6/10
May 20, 2020: Monash IVF (MVF): Unveiled an emergency $80m capital raising at 52c, a hefty 26.8% discount to the previous trade of 71c. Comprised a $39.8m placement and a $40.2m 1-for-3 entitlement offer with retail able to apply for overs of 100% of entitlement. Closed May 20. Good disclosure in the outcome announcement which showed a 43% take up of the $15 million retail offer comprising $5.3 million in entitlements and $1.2 million in overs which would have been higher if not limited to 100% of entitlement. Stock finished the year at 78c so solid returns for participants. 5/10
May 15, 2020: Centuria Industrial (CIP): Unveiled a $130m placement at a floor price of $2.54 (an 8% discount) on April 9 2020 but at least the final price was set by a bookbuild and came in at $2.62. A $10 million SPP followed capped at $30,000 per investor, even though the company did an earlier UPP within the past 12 months. There is no VWAP pricing alternative and the raising is under-written by Moelis and JP Morgan. REITs value their assets every six months and really shouldn't be raising capital at a discount to NTA but that is what Centuria did given the NTA was $2.83 as at December 31. This outfit also called an EGM in February 2020 to approve an earlier $154m placement at $3.41 in December 2019 to help fund the purchase of some Arnotts properties. This was not followed by an SPP. Naughty. The latest SPP ended up raising $8.3 million at $2.62 so there was scaleback as this was below the $10m cap. Stock finished the year at $3.09 so investors did well. See announcement. 6/10
May 15, 2020: Bapcor (BAP): Completed $180m institutional placement at a fixed price of $4.40 and will follow with a $30m SPP which has three pricing options: placement price, 5-day VWAP and last day VWAP. With around 16,000 retail holders, the maximum application is around $480 million. Retail have only been allocated 14.3% of the proposed $210 million capital raising when retail had 30.7% or $67 million of the renounceable $218 million entitlement offer back in 2015. Strong grounds to lift the cap, which they duly did, accepting $56 million of the $122 million in total applications and using a scale back formula giving all applicants a minimum of $1000 worth of shares and 50% of their current holding after that. See announcement. Stock finished the year at $7.78 so a boomer for investors. 6/10
May 15, Metcash (MTS): $300 million placement at fixed price of $2.80 under-written by Macquarie followed by a $30m SPP at $2.80 or a 2.5% discount to the 5-day VWAP. Claimed that 95% of the placement went to existing shareholders although no idea how strict the pro-rata allocation policy was. Stock traded at a discount throughout the offer period and ended up being priced at $2.28, an 18.2% discount to the placement price. Only 6.3% of holders or 1214 contributed $13.6 million to the SPP which ended up comprising just 4.3% of the overall $313m capital raising. See SPP outcome announcement which had excellent transparency. Stock finished the year at $3.38 so solid returns for investors. 6/10.
May 13, Invocare (IVC): A $150 million placement at $10.40 followed by a $30,000 SPP capped at $50 million. The SPP has an innovative 3rd pricing alternative of VWAP -2% on the closing date, as well as the placement price and a 2% discount to the 5 day VWAP. The stock was trading below the placement price in late April so the VWAP pricing alternatives is likely to come into play. With 24,000 retail holders the theoretical maximum is $720 million. Ended up accepting all $74 million in applications at the placement price of $10.40, even though this exceeded the $50 million cap and the offer was barely in the money. Stock finished the year at $11.45 so investors marginally in front. 6/10
May 13, Capitol Health (CAJ): announced a $40 million capital raising at 16c comprising a $30 million placement and a $10 million SPP. Failed to disclose what proportion of the placement went to existing holders. Was priced at an 18% discount to the previous close of 19.5c and has remained in the money ever since. Fully under-written by Shaw Stockbroking. Minimum investment of $2500 in the SPP outlined in the offer document and no VWAP pricing alternative. The SPP outcome announcement was a little hard to understand with no disclosure of the overall amount applied for. The cap wasn't lifted and all applicants ended up with a maximum allocation of around $16,300. Refunds were initially delayed until June 5 but then this was brought forward to May 25. Stock finished the year at 27c so investors are well in front. 5/10
May 12, Mesoblast (MSB) Completed a $138 million placement at $3.20 a share, a 7% discount, on May 13 but no sign of any follow-on SPP. Very disappointing as this is the largest stand alone placement we have seen this year where retail shareholder have been completely excluded. The company's 13,000 retail shareholders were also excluded from a $75 million placement in 2019 so it has form when it comes to diluting retail shareholders. Stock closed at $3.67 on July 10 so clear dilution and lost value for retail shareholders. Stock finished the year at $2.25 so investors well underwater. 3/10
May 11, QBE Insurance (QBE): Announced a $US750 million placement at the fixed price of $8.25 to be followed by a $US75 million SPP. The insurance giant has a history of scaling back and shafting retail investors in SPPs so it will be interesting to see if the SPP cap is hard or soft. The placement was priced at a 9.4% discount to the previous close of $9.11. The placement was under water with QBE shares trading below $8 in early May so the alternative pricing of a 2% discount to VWAP has come into play. Wrote to the company on April 29 requesting a range of transparency measures but they declined to provide an update on applications to the ASX, or to inform investors about the VWAP pricing on the last day. Ended up receiving $91 million priced at $7.51 an 8% discount to the $8.25 placement price. Stock finished the year at $8.53 so investors marginally in front. 6/10 given always like to see retail paying less than institutions.
May 8, SCA Property (SCP) $250 million placement at $2.16 after a bookbuild with a $50m SPP to follow at $2.16 with no VWAP alternative. Receives a 6/10 because of the bookbuild which limited the discount and proved to be well priced in the aftermarket with the stock only trading around the placement price. Wrote to the CEO and CFO on May 7 and pleased with the detail in this SPP outcome announcement disclosing that the offer went to 60,000 holders and 3.9% or 2350 applied for $29.3 million worth of stock. Stock finished the year at $2.50 so investors are in front. 5/10 given lack of VWAP pricing for retail.
May 8, Electro Optic Systems (EOS) Completed a $134 million placement at $4.75 managed by Citi followed by $10 million SPP closing on May 8 and allotted on May 14. With 8,357 shareholders, allocating just 7.46% of the capital raising to retail investors seems pretty skinny but the cap was ignored in the end. There was a VWAP pricing alternative but no discount besides being rounded down to the nearest cent. Good disclosure at the end with the offer sent to 8,357 holders and attracting $10.78 million from 740 applicants who paid the VWAP price of $4.40, a 35c discount to the placement price. Stock finished the year at $5.91 so investors are in front. 6/10 given VWAP pricing, lifting of the cap and good participation transparency.
May 4, IDP Education (IEL): announced a $175m placement at $10.65 and then lifted this to $225 million, whilst retaining the cap on its subsequent SPP at just $15 million. Macquarie collected a $5 million fee based on a 2.2% commission. The discount on the day was 7.9% against the previous closing price of $11.56 and the expanded placement equated to 8.3% of the shares on issue. The $30,000 SPP closes on May 4 and was well in the money throughout the offer period. The higher education provider floated off by Seek a few years back defends the $15m SPP cap on the basis that retail shareholders only own about 4.8% of the stock, yet are getting 6.25% of the raising. Fair point, although it really should be measured on the free float, given that Universities Australia owned 49% before the raising was launched but is now down to around 46%. Good disclosure in the outcome announcement revealing the offer was sent to 2949 shareholders and 1292 applied for $34.5m in stock with a scale back to $29 million based on the size of holding although every shareholder received a minimum of 235 shares. The participation rate was 44% and average application was $26,702. The placement came with an expanded bank facility and deferral of the $41 million interim dividend, so there was some genuine financial waves to contend with. Stock finished the year at $19.85 so investors almost doubled their money. 6/10
May 4, Megaport (MP1) Unveiled a $50m placement on April 8 2020 at $9.50, an 8.9% discount to the previous close of $10.43. A $30,000 SPP at $9.50 will follow, capped at $15 million. The company has a history of scaling back SPPs and doing placements without SPPs. In December 2019 it did a $62m placement at $8.70 (a 4.8% discount) with no SPP and on March 14 2019 it did a $50m placement at $4 a share but then limited the SPP to $10m and $15,000 a pop. It was heavily scaled back after $47.6m in applications were received. The placement capacity was refreshed at the 2019 AGM. Wrote to the company lobbying for the cap to be lifted and after $99 million poured in, the $15 million cap was expanded by 50% to $22.5 million, meaning $76.5 million was still refunded. See SPP outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $14.25 so backers have been well rewarded. 5/10
May 1, Flight Centre (FLT): The $700 million Flight Centre capital raising included a $282 million placement at $7.20 which diluted retail shareholders and a $418 million 1-for-1.72 non-renounceable entitlement offer at the same price, which was a 27.3% discount to the last traded price of $9.91. The three founders – CEO Graham Turner, Geoff Harris and Bill James – went into this crisis owning a combined 42% of the company and collectively committed $25 million of their $175 million entitlement, diluting themselves into the raising. The total number of shares on issue almost doubled. There is also an ability for retail investors to apply for overs equivalent to 25% of their entitlement, which is way too restrictive from a small shareholder perspective. The founders went in through the institutional offer which was 96% subscribed by eligible instos. They should have gone in through the retail offer and also tucked into the 25% "overs". The $138 million retail offer finished 23% short, attractive $106 million from 13,116 applicants (there were about 22,000 shareholders listed in last year's annual report), including $14 million through the needlessly constrained overs facility which was capped at just 25% of entitlement. The under-writers Macquarie and UBS were on a winner with the stock trading around $10, well clear of the $7.20 offer price. Stock finished the year at $15.85 so investors more than doubled their money. 4/10
May 1, G8 Education (GEM) On the day last trading day before Easter, G8 Education came up with a $301 million capital raising comprising a $134 million placement and a $167 million 1-for-2.2 entitlement offer which comprised $89 million from institutions and $79 million for retail. So, this was a retail heavy register that started with retail owning 47.3% of the company and will finish with 30-something depending on the size of the retail shortfall. The placement was a tolerable 44.5% of the raising which wasn't as bad as Oil Search but still on the high side. As usual, there was no renounceability and the discount was a hefty 26% with the offer at 80c against a last trade of $1.08. The institutional component of the retail offer was 99.7% subscribed. The retail overs were limited to just 25% of the entitlement and with the stock trading around the 80c issue price, it finished $50 million short, attracting just $25 million from 4198 applicants. There were about 22,000 shareholders listed in the last annual report. At least the retail offer was barely in the money, meaning that the placement wasn't given away too cheaply. The under-writers RBC and UBS were left with a chunk of stock which would have been farmed out to sub-under-writers when the deal was first launched. Stock finished the year at $1.18 so investors are well in front. 4/10
May 1, Dacian Gold: (DCN) There's been a good deal of shareholder anger about the $98 million capital raising because the stock last traded at $1.40 on January 31 before it was suspended. The $98 million raising was priced at 30c and comprised a $30 million placement and a $68 million entitlement offer, $28 million of which is for retail and has unlimited "overs". Retail offer ended up being 74% subscribed, even with unlimited overs, so the $7.3 million shortfall went to the under-writers. Despite a request, no disclosure on how many shareholders applied or the breakdown between entitlements and "overs". Stock finished the year at 41c so investors well in front. 6/10 due to unlimited overs.
April 30, NextDC (NXT) did a $672 million placement at $7.80 which represents 25% of shares on issue making use of emergency relief even though stated reason was “to pursue growth initiatives”. The $15m in transaction fees (2.2% of total proceeds) seemed excessive given the under-writers were on risk for just 24 hours and the offer was pitched at a 15% discount to the previous close. The changes to the capital raising rules were meant to help distressed companies so what on earth was booming data centres company Next DC doing unveiling a $672 million placement when it hasn't been hit by the Covid-19 crisis at all? The best thing about the Next DC raising is that the follow-on SPP is uncapped. Next DC has about 16,500 retail shareholders so the maximum theoretical participation is around $500 million and with two days to go the company advised that $86m had already come through the door. There is talk of anger amongst Next DC's institutional shareholders, some of whom weren't accommodated. That's the problem with placements. It's a secretive share allocation process. If giving away part of the company to non-shareholders, at least there should be some disclosure as to who took the shares. The SPP closed on April 30 and attracted $190 million in applications with no scale back. The participation rate was an impressive 51% as the company embraced best practice disclosure by revealing 8,684 of the 17,015 eligible shareholders applied. Stock finished the year at $12.23 so investors are well in front. 6/10
April 28, Salt Lake Potash (SO4): Completed a $20 million placement at 34c on April 28 but declined to even offer retail shareholders an SPP. Shameful. Stock finished the year at 39c so investors marginally in front. 1/10.
April 28, De Grey Mining (DEG): $31.2 million placement at 28c on April 28 and no sign of any follow-up SPP. Stock closed at 79.5c on July 10 so shameful dilution without an SPP. Stock finished the year at $1.01 so investors are well in front. 1/10.
April 27, Oil Search (OSH): One of the key measures for fairness in capital raisings is the size of the placement compared with the size of the entitlement offer. Ideally, there would be no placement at all, but if there has to be one, it should comprise no more than one third of the offer. Oil Search has been one of the worst offenders on this front when it launched a $760 million placement which was almost double the size of the 1-for-8 entitlement that raised an additional $400 million. A 1-for-8 is nothing. It clearly should have been the other way around with the a placement of no more than $400 million and an entitlement offer raising double that amount. It is just appalling that in a $1.16 billion offer, retail investors are being offered only 6.9% of the raising ($80 million out of $1.16 billion) when we started out owning 20% of the company. The placement of 362 million new shares at a 23% discount of $2.10 also represented 23.74% of the pre-issue capital so it would have been illegal earlier this year. All up, this is shocker, with the only minor saving grace being that retail shareholders are being offered "overs" which are capped at 200% of their entitlement. The company agreed to a request to publish this progress announcement to the ASX revealing that the offer was 20% subscribed with a week to go. The institutional component of the $320 million entitlement offer was 95% subscribed excluding largest shareholder Mubudala (Abu Dhabi sovereign fund) which didn't participate. Despite being heavily in the money, the retail offer fell $0.5 million short with applications for entitlements totalling $39.4 million and "overs" coming in at $40.1 million. This is a clear lesson about the need for unlimited "overs" when an offer is non-renounceable. See announcement. Stock finished the year at $3.71 so participants are well in front. 3/10
April 27, Southern Cross Media (SXL): $169m raising at 9c comprising a $47 million placement and a $121 million entitlement offer. The placement comprised a ridiculous 68% of the pre-raising shares (522 million shares at 9c against 768.7m before the raising was launched). Stock had doubled to 18c by April 15 so massive dilution for retail shareholders. Non participants receive no compensation. Institutions took up 92% of their entitlements to the $102 million entitlement offer leaving an $8.16 million shortfall with the unknown sub-under-writers. The $20 million retail offer will no doubt finish well short given the lack of overs. Have asked them to crank up a solid marketing campaign and was delighted when they released this announcement to the ASX revealing the offer had been 18.6% subscribed with a week to go. The final announcementrevealed 66% of the shares were taken up but gave nothing on the numbers who participated. The $6.8 million shortfall went to the under-writers and with the 9c shares trading at 12-13, it was money for jam for them. Stock finished the year at $2.24 after a 10-for-1 consolidation so investors more than doubled their money. 2/10 given huge discount and lack of any overs.
April 24, Reece (REH): The plumbing supplies giant has shown how to do it, becoming the first issuer to ever follow an institutional placement with an entitlement offer that was also twinned with an SPP for retail. The detail is all spelt out here but this is very bold for a capital raising because it sets the precedent which says: “any company which does an institutional placement should also do an SPP on the same terms, regardless of whether there is an entitlement offer thrown into the mix as well.” Normally, after a placement, retail will get a token SPP or there will be an entitlement offer if the situation is more pressing, just like occurred so many times during the GFC. But we never get both. Asciano is the only issuer I can think of that did a make-good SPP after a placement/entitlement combo but it wasn't at the time same. Here is the 2009 SPP outcome announcement explaining how the Asciano offer was scaled back from $290 million to $100 million but retail shareholders had still successfully topped up after the earlier dilutive placement and entitlement offer. Tellingly, then Asciano chairman Tim Poole is now deputy chair of Reece. The $600 million Reece package involved a $368 million placement at the fixed price of $7.60, which was a 12.5% discount to the last closing price of $8.69. There was also a 3-for-55 non-renounceable entitlement offer at the same price to raise $232 million and the $42 million institutional component was more than 99% subscribed. The three Wilson brothers are collectively in for their full $170 million slice of that, coming in through the $190 million retail offer. The Wilson's will be scaled back from 73% to 67% by the placement and a little further by the SPP. The 4894 eligible Reece retail shareholders had a theoretical maximum take-up of $147 million in the SPP which wasn't capped. In the end, 1991 of them applied for $47 million worth of SPP shares with an average application of $23,600 and a healthy take up rate of 40.6%. The $20 million retail entitlement offer (ex Wilsons) also had unlimited overs and the scale back formula saw all applicants receive a minimum of $15,000 worth of share, although it was not disclosed how many shareholders participated in the entitlement offer, which finished 64% subscribed as $12.8 million came through the door, along with an extra $10 million in applications for additional shares. See outcome announcement. Stock finished the year at $14.80 so investors more than doubled their money. 7/10
April 24, Auckland Airport (AIA): the first issuer to embrace price discovery when it launched a $NZ1 billion placement, under-written at the floor price of $NZ4.50 but where the final price was set by a competitive book build which came in at $NZ4.66, the top of a 16c indicative range given to bidders. A $NZ50,000 SPP for retail followed to raise up to $NZ200 million. Wrote to the company requesting that the $NZ200m cap be lifted if demand is strong. Was well in the money at the close and they imposed a heavy scale back after receiving $NZ489 million in applications from 32,619 holders. The average application was only $NZ15,000 and the scale back was based on size of holding. See announcement. Stock finished the year at $A7.17 so investors almost doubled their money. 4/10
April 23, Cochlear (COH): an $880 million placement at $140, followed by a $50 million SPP which is patently too small. Failings were not having a bookbuild to set the placement price, unfairly limiting the SPP and allocating too many shares to a single London-based fund manager, Veritas Asset Management, which picked up an astonishing 34% of the $880 million Cochlear placement. We only know this because Veritas launched a buying splurge shortly before and after the placement to finish up with a 5.57% stake which was above the 5% substantial shareholder rule in Australia and was therefore disclosed to the ASX on April 2. It really is offensive that 36,724 retail shareholders were proposed to be limited to $50 million, when one London fund manager was given more than 6 times that amount of shares in a discounted placement. In the end, Cochlear received $417 million in applications from 16,651 shareholders, a 45% participation rate. The board lifted the SPP cap to $220 million but still refunded $197 million, the bulk of which went to smaller shareholders because the allocation formula favoured bigger holders. All is explained in this 3 page ASX announcement from Cochlear at the end of the offer, which did well on the transparency front. Retail finished up receiving 20% of a $1.1 billion capital raising which the board claimed doesn't material change the pre-raising allocations. I suspect retail had a touch more than 20% before the placement launch and it remains remarkable that board seriously thought it could limit retail to just $50m. Do the maths. If all 36,724 holders had applied for the maximum $30,000 new shares in the SPP, that would have brought in $1.1 billion. The majority of Cochlear's shareholders, 20,073 in fact, didn't bother applying at all and they are the biggest losers in Australia's capital raising system. Only a renounceable offer would fairly compensate these investors, many of whom are never even told about the offer by their financial adviser or fund. Stock finished the year at $189. 5/10
April 21, Webjet (WEB): raised $346 million broken down into 3 components, $115 million in a placement at $1.70, $116 million from the accelerated institutional entitlement offer at $1.70 and $115m from the 1-for-1 non-renounceable retail offer. Foreign private equity firm Bain took $25m through the placement. Non-participants in the retail offer got nothing but participants could apply for overs equivalent to 100% of their entitlement. The institutional component was 90% subscribed leaving an $11.6 million shortfall which went to unknown parties at no premium. The discounted pricing was the most offensive element because the stock last traded at $3.76 before it was suspended and when it resumed trading it finished the week on April 3 at $2.73, a massive 60% premium to the $1.70 placement price. It used the supersized waiver alongside the new emergency relief to arrive at the placement component of the raising representing 50% (after upsizing the placement and underwritten entitlement offer following strong demand) of shares on issue when the raising was announced. The retail offer closed on April 21 and Webjet attracted strong support with applications worth $86m, plus a further $46.7 million in overs. This led to a $14.5m scale back where investors were cut from 100% overs to 69%. The outcome announcement also included excellent data on participation rates. Unlike with Kathmandu, this strongly in-the-money offer was well supported but there was still 11,427 shareholders who declined an offer to buy new shares at $1.70 when the stock was trading well north of $2. Stock finished the year at $5.07 so investors almost tripled their money. 4/10
April 17, Kathmandu (KMD): Sometimes existing shareholders just don't have the capacity to participate in a rushed capital raising during a crisis and that can see them massively diluted. That's exactly what happened to New Zealand entrepreneur Rod Duke whose Briscoe business used to be the largest shareholder in retailer Kathmandu with a 16.3% stake. However, with the broader retail sector in crisis, he couldn't afford to participate and was subsequently diluted down to just 6.77% without any compensation. Kathmandu is suffering indigestion after paying $350 million in cash for Rip Curl in November last year and has now embarked on an emergency $NZ207 million capital raising comprising a $NZ30 million placement and a $NZ177m 1.2-for-1 entitlement offer at NZ50c. However, because the offer wasn't renounceable, when Briscoe rejected the offer, its shares were just given away to new investors at NZ50c. Leaving aside the Briscoe shares, institutions took up 96% of their entitlements. The $NZ53 million retail component offered unlimited "overs" but only attracted $NZ26.5m in applications along with $NZ17 million in overs to finish 18% short as investors declined to take up $NZ9.5 million worth of stock which was comfortably in the money. This was another windfall for the under-writers with the stock at around A70c shortly after the retail shares were allotted on April 22. No disclosure on how many shareholders participated. Stock finished the year at $1.19 so investors more than doubled their money. 5/10.
April 16, Oohmedia (OML): One of the oldest tricks in the book is for big corporate, institutional or insider shareholders to creep up a share register by under-writing the retail component of a non-renounceable entitlement offer. That is what we've got with the emergency $167 million raising from debt-laden outdoor advertising company oOH!media, which comprised a $39 million placement at 53c, plus a 1-for-1 entitlement offer for existing shareholders at the same price with no overs. The stock had last traded at 84c before the offer was launched. The ability to apply for extra shares was presumably banned because major shareholder HMI, a US-based investment fund, had aspirations to lift its stake from 18% to 25% and intended to average down its entry price through both the placement and the retail shortfall. Boards should never prioritise under-writers over retail shareholders when it comes to dealing with the retail shortfall. This company made used of the supersized waiver to allow it to make a placement of 30% on the basis that it was also conducted a one-for-one entitlement offer. The accelerated component of the institutional entitlement offer was supported by 91% of institutional shares and raised $117 million. The shortfall was allocated to unknown parties at no premium. The retail component was only worth $14 million and was not renounceable with no overs. All 3400 retail shareholders should have taken up their entitlement but it finished 27% short with $4 million worth of stock going to the under-writers. No disclosure of how many shareholders participated. Stock finished the year at $1.66 so investors doubled their money. 2/10.
April 15, Carbon Revolution (CBR): Was first out of the blocks with a $25 million placement at $1.50 that completed on March 18. Followed up with a $3m SPP closing April 15 which attracted $2.73 million in applications from 252 shareholders with an average application of $10,833. Only 8.25% of the 3053 shareholders participated because it was out of the money for part of the offer period and they failed to offer a VWAP pricing alternative. Wrote to them asking for extra transparency on the retail participation rates and was very pleased when they delivered and joined our best practice list. Stock finished the year at $2.92 so investors have almost doubled their money. 7/10.
April 3, Red 5 Mining (RED) The Perth-based gold miner did a $125 million placement at 18c with no SPP for retail shareholders. This comprised 55.8% of pre-raising capital and therefore needed shareholder approval. Was priced at a 23.4% discount to the last price and the stock was at 21c in mid May so the existing 4800 retail shareholders have been diluted without compensation. Stock was at 23c in early July so placement price wasn't too cheap in hindsight. Stock finished the year at 26c so investors are well in front. 3/10
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